文章摘要
杨金柳行,张悦,冯围围,唐鹤,邵洁,王念蓉,王红,孙瑾,骆艳,吕兰秋,严双琴,赵冬梅,穆立娟,闫冬梅,汪鸿,高雪婷,何满芬,杨静,付敏,Matthew Sanders,Divna Haslam.中国城市地区0~5岁儿童养育实践相关因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2019,40(4):422-426
中国城市地区0~5岁儿童养育实践相关因素分析
Practice of parenting and related factors on children aged 0-5 in the urban areas of China
投稿时间:2018-09-19  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.04.010
中文关键词: 养育;养育实践;相关因素
英文关键词: Parenting;Parenting practice;Relative factors
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
杨金柳行 中国疾病预防控制中心妇幼保健中心, 北京 100081  
张悦 中国疾病预防控制中心妇幼保健中心, 北京 100081 zhangyue0416@163.com 
冯围围 中国疾病预防控制中心妇幼保健中心, 北京 100081  
唐鹤 中国疾病预防控制中心妇幼保健中心, 北京 100081  
邵洁 浙江大学医学院附属儿童医院, 杭州 310003  
王念蓉 重庆市妇幼保健院 400013  
王红 四川省妇幼保健院, 成都 610031  
孙瑾 辽宁省大连妇幼保健院 116033  
骆艳 贵阳市妇幼保健院 550003  
吕兰秋 浙江省宁波市妇女儿童医院 315000  
严双琴 安徽省马鞍山市妇幼保健院 243011  
赵冬梅 山东大学齐鲁儿童医院儿童保健所, 济南 250022  
穆立娟 北京市房山区妇幼保健院 102488  
闫冬梅 江苏省连云港市妇幼保健院 222000  
汪鸿 湖北省妇幼保健院, 武汉 430070  
高雪婷 西北妇女儿童医院, 西安 710061  
何满芬 湖南省妇幼保健院, 长沙 410008  
杨静 河北省秦皇岛市妇幼保健院 066001  
付敏 广东省妇幼保健院, 广州 510010  
Matthew Sanders 澳大利亚昆士兰大学 4072  
Divna Haslam 澳大利亚昆士兰大学 4072  
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解我国城市地区0~5岁儿童养育实践情况及其影响因素,为促进我国儿童早期发展、开展父母积极养育指导和服务提供依据。方法 2017年8-12月在我国14省15个城市4 515名0~5岁的儿童家长中进行自填式问卷调查,采用父母养育与家庭适应量表(PAFAS)评价父母对儿童的养育实践情况,包括养育一致性、强迫性、鼓励性和亲子关系以及父母的情绪适应、家庭关系和相互协助等多个维度,通过单因素分析和多重线性回归探索儿童个体、父母和家庭因素对父母养育实践的影响。结果 我国城市地区0~5岁儿童的父母在PAFAS量表中的总得分为21.00(15.00~28.00)分,该得分的变化与儿童年龄、独生子女、分娩方式、父亲文化程度、家长育儿信心、家长情绪、家庭年收入、家庭结构以及寻求专业支持等因素有关,提示我国儿童养育实践情况存在较大差异并受多种因素影响。结论 我国城市地区0~5岁儿童养育实践整体情况良好,养育实践与儿童个体、父母和家庭环境等多种因素有关,关注多重因素的影响有利于提高父母养育技能的培训效果,更好地促进儿童早期发展。
英文摘要:
      Objective To characterize the relations between the practice of parenting and associated factors on children (0-5 years old) in urban areas of China, in order to provide evidence for promoting the early development of children and to provide positive guidance and service programs on parenting. Methods A total of 4 515 parents from 15 cities (14 provinces) were surveyed with a self-administered questionnaire. Parenting and Family Adjustment Scales (PAFAS) was used, including parameters as:consistency and coercive parenting, positive encouragement, parent-child relationship and parental emotion adjustment, family relationship and parental teamwork aspects, etc. Both single factor analysis and multiple linear regression were used to examine the associations between parenting practice, individual, parental and family factors. Results The mean score of PAFAS was 21.00 (15.00-28.00), associated with factors as children's age, only-child family, premature delivery, father's education level, confidence on parenting, problems regarding the parental mood, annual family income, family structure and behavior on seeking professional help, etc. Results showed that there were big differences on the practice of parenting in China and influenced by variety of factors. Conclusions The general situation of parenting was well, in the urban areas of China. The practice of parenting was associated with a series of individual, parental and family factors. Programs on improving the parenting skills and promoting the early development of children, should be highlighted.
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