文章摘要
王金龙,殷文渊,张洪龙,王晓春.中国援外医疗队员一般心理健康现状及其影响因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2019,40(5):574-579
中国援外医疗队员一般心理健康现状及其影响因素分析
Study on the general mental health status and influencing factors of Chinese Medical Team members
投稿时间:2018-09-26  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.05.016
中文关键词: 中国援外医疗队;心理健康;影响因素;GHQ-12
英文关键词: Chinese Medical Team;Mental health;Influential factors;GHQ-12
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
王金龙 中国疾病预防控制中心全球公共卫生中心, 北京 102206  
殷文渊 中国疾病预防控制中心全球公共卫生中心, 北京 102206  
张洪龙 中国疾病预防控制中心全球公共卫生中心, 北京 102206  
王晓春 中国疾病预防控制中心全球公共卫生中心, 北京 102206 13701265920@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解中国援外医疗队员一般心理健康状况及其影响因素。方法 采用自行开发的一般情况调查表和WHO推荐的GHQ-12问卷对2018年5月10日至6月10日正在国外执行援外医疗队任务的1 015名队员进行心理健康状况调查,使用非条件二分类logistic回归分析其影响因素。结果 共有808名队员完成调查,其中25.9%(209/808)疑似有心理健康问题(GHQ-12总得分≥3分)。多因素logistic回归分析结果显示,出国前家庭生活不顺心(OR=1.928,95% CI:1.162~3.197)、国内工作不顺心(OR=2.069,95% CI:1.210~3.538)、父亲健在(OR=1.703,95% CI:1.060~2.736)、有腹泻发热等症状(OR=2.087,95% CI:1.363~3.194)、担任队长职务(OR=1.996,95% CI:1.128~3.532)、未适应文化差异(OR=2.439,95% CI:1.621~3.671)等因素是心理健康的危险因素。年龄大(OR=0.736,95% CI:0.571~0.949)、文娱活动满意(OR=0.654,95% CI:0.490~0.872)等因素是心理健康的保护因素。此外,每天饮酒(OR=7.439,95% CI:1.290~42.900)、孤独感(OR=4.094,95% CI:2.438~6.875)、在医院受重视(OR=0.783,95% CI:0.610~1.004)等因素与心理健康状况相关。结论 援外医疗队员存在一定程度的心理健康问题,队长与年轻队员为重点人群,应采取针对性措施保护援外医疗队员的心理健康,保障援外医疗工作顺利开展。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analyze the mental health status of the Chinese Medical Team (CMT) members and its influencing factors. Methods A total of 1 015 members of the CMT were recruited and surveyed by using a self-administered questionnaire and 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) from May 10 to June 10, 2018. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to identify risk factors for mental health problems. Results A total of 808 subjects completed the questionnaire and an estimated 25.9% of them were suspected to have mental health problems (GHQ-12 ≥ 3). Logistic model analysis indicated that family life (OR=1.928, 95%CI:1.162-3.197), domestic work status (OR=2.069, 95%CI:1.210-3.538), father's health status (OR=1.703, 95%CI:1.060-2.736), disease symptoms (OR=2.087, 95%CI:1.363-3.194), captain (OR=1.996, 95%CI:1.128-3.532), cultural differences (OR=2.439, 95%CI:1.621-3.671) were the risk factors for mental health. Age (OR=0.736, 95%CI:0.571-0.949), leisure activities (OR=0.654, 95%CI:0.490-0.872) were the protective factors. Drinking habits (OR=7.439, 95%CI:1.290- 42.900), loneliness (OR=4.094, 95%CI:2.438-6.875), and respect from the hospital (OR=0.783, 95%CI:0.610-1.004) were relative to mental health problems. Conclusion CMT members have certain mental health problems, especially young members and captains. Therefore, interventions should be implemented to improve the mental health of CMT members and to promote the development of foreign aid work.
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