文章摘要
邬惟为,冯永亮,史晓红,张萍,王科科,杨飞飞,韩天碧,王素萍.脂多糖干预对军团菌肺炎作用的实验研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2019,40(6):682-685
脂多糖干预对军团菌肺炎作用的实验研究
An animal experiment regarding the effect of lipopolysaccharide intervention program on Legionella pneumonia
投稿时间:2019-01-25  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.06.015
中文关键词: 脂多糖;军团菌;细胞因子
英文关键词: Lipopolysaccharide;Legionella;Cytokine
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(30872154)
作者单位E-mail
邬惟为 山西医科大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 太原 030001  
冯永亮 山西医科大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 太原 030001  
史晓红 山西医科大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 太原 030001  
张萍 山西医科大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 太原 030001  
王科科 山西医科大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 太原 030001  
杨飞飞 山西医科大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 太原 030001  
韩天碧 山西医科大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 太原 030001  
王素萍 山西医科大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 太原 030001 spwang88@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨脂多糖干预对军团菌肺炎的作用。方法 以C3H/HeN小鼠(6~8周龄)为实验动物,每组8只,雌雄各半。设立脂多糖干预染菌组、脂多糖未干预染菌组和对照组,每组各设12、24和48 h 3个时间点组。首先对脂多糖干预组小鼠利用大肠埃希菌脂多糖(100 ng/只)行腹腔注射干预,其余组腹腔注射生理盐水。24 h后与脂多糖未干预组一起气管注射军团菌悬液染菌,对照组给予等量的生理盐水,分别于12、24和48 h处死小鼠。解剖小鼠,分离肺脏称重,计算脏器系数(小鼠肺脏重量/体重)。眼眶采血1 ml,流式细胞术检测各组外周血单个核细胞Toll样受体4(TLR4)水平,取左肺上叶采用ELISA法检测肿瘤坏死因子-α(TNF-α)、白细胞介素-1β(IL-1β)的含量。结果 脂多糖未干预染菌组的肺脏脏器系数高于脂多糖干预染菌组和对照组(P<0.05),脂多糖干预染菌组与对照组间差异无统计学意义。脂多糖干预染菌组与脂多糖未干预染菌组TLR4蛋白均在12 h达到高峰,且脂多糖干预组TLR4水平高于脂多糖未干预组(P<0.05),在24、48 h两染菌组TLR4表达水平差异无统计学意义。脂多糖干预染菌组TNF-α、IL-1β浓度与对照组间差异无统计学意义,脂多糖未干预染菌组各个时间点TNF-α、IL-1β的分泌水平均高于脂多糖干预染菌组。结论 脂多糖干预引起的脂多糖耐受可能会减轻军团菌感染的炎性症状。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the effect of lipopolysaccharide intervention program on Legionella pneumonia. Methods C3H/HeN mice (6-8 weeks old) were used as experimental animals. The mice were randomly divided into lipopolysaccharide intervention, non-lipopolysaccharide intervention and control groups. Each group was again divided into three time points:12 h, 24 h and 48 h. Mice in the lipopolysaccharide intervention group were intraperitoneally injected with E.coli lipopolysaccharide (100 ng per mice), and the rest groups were intraperitoneally injected with normal saline. After 24 hours, mice in the lipopolysaccharide intervention and the non-intervention groups mice were infected with Legionella by tracheal injection and the control group was given the same amount of saline. All the mice were killed at 12, 24 and 48 hours respectively. The mice were anatomized, lungs of the mice were separated and weighed. Organ coefficients (lung weight/body weight of mice) were calculated. 1 ml Orbital blood was collected. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) levels of peripheral blood mononuclear cells were measured by flow cytometry. The contents of TNF-α and IL-1β in the upper left lung lobe were measured by ELISA. Results In the lung organs, the coefficients of lipopolysaccharide non-intervention group were higher than the other groups and there was no significant difference seen between the lipopolysaccharide intervention group and the controls. TLR4 peaked at 12 hours in both the lipopolysaccharide intervention and the non-intervention groups while the TLR4 level in the intervention group was higher than that in the non-intervention group. There were no significant differences appeared on the TLR4 expression levels between the two Legionella pneumonia modelled groups at 24 or 48 hours. There was no significant difference seen regarding the concentration of TNF-α and IL-1β between the intervention and the control groups. The secretion levels of TNF-αand IL-1β in the non-intervention group were higher than those in the intervention group at each time point. Conclusion The lipopolysaccharide intervention program may alleviate the inflammatory symptoms of Legionella infection.
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