文章摘要
谢莉,刘秀荣,肖琳,裴迎新,杨杰,姜垣.2018年《北京市控制吸烟条例》在东城、朝阳区餐馆实施效果调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2019,40(7):775-778
2018年《北京市控制吸烟条例》在东城、朝阳区餐馆实施效果调查
Implementation of Beijing Tobacco Control Regulation in restaurants in Dongcheng and Chaoyang districts of Beijing, 2018
投稿时间:2018-11-20  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.07.008
中文关键词: 烟草控制;餐馆;效果
英文关键词: Tobacco control;Restaurant;Effectiveness
基金项目:中国疾病预防控制中心烟草流行监测和控烟综合干预(131031001000160015)
作者单位E-mail
谢莉 中国疾病预防控制中心控烟办公室, 北京 100050
中国疾病预防控制中心现场流行病学培训项目, 北京 100050 
 
刘秀荣 北京市疾病预防控制中心 100013  
肖琳 中国疾病预防控制中心控烟办公室, 北京 100050  
裴迎新 中国疾病预防控制中心现场流行病学培训项目, 北京 100050  
杨杰 中国疾病预防控制中心控烟办公室, 北京 100050  
姜垣 中国疾病预防控制中心控烟办公室, 北京 100050 jiangyuan88@vip.sina.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 评估《北京市控制吸烟条例》(《条例》)实施效果。方法 2018年4月通过分层阶段抽样方法,选择北京市东城、朝阳区93家餐馆,在午餐和晚餐时间进行暗访随访,观察餐馆内吸烟现象,并与实施前半年、实施1个月的结果进行比较。结果 餐馆禁烟标识张贴率(76.3%)和服务员对《条例》整体认知程度均较高。总体吸烟发生率(29.0%)低于实施前半年的吸烟率(36.7%),高于实施1个月的吸烟率(14.8%)。未发现服务员主动劝阻行为。商业建筑内餐馆吸烟发生率(3.3%)低于非商业建筑内餐馆(41.3%),差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论 《条例》实施效果低于实施1个月。禁烟标识张贴率和服务员认知水平与法规实际遵守情况相背离。应加强对餐馆经营者和公众的宣传和教育。
英文摘要:
      Objective To evaluate the implementation effect of the Beijing Tobacco Control Regulation. Methods An observational study was conducted in a multi-stage randomly selected sample of 93 restaurants in Dongcheng and Chaoyang districts, Beijing. Undercover visits to the restaurants were paid by investigators at lunch or dinner time. The incidence of smoking behavior and the posters of no-smoking signs were observed, waiters were interviewed about awareness of the regulation, and comparisons with the baseline data of 6 months before and 1 month after regulation implementation were made. Results The pasting rate of no-smoking signs was 76.3%. The awareness of the regulation in the waiters surveyed was high. The incidence rate of smoking in restaurants (29.0%) was lower than that before the regulation implementation (36.7%), but it was significantly higher than that one month after regulation implementation (14.8%). No active interventions from the restaurant staff were observed when smoking occurred. The incidence of smoking in restaurants within commercial buildings (3.3%) was significantly lower than that in non-commercial buildings (41.3%), the difference was significant (P<0.05). Conclusions The effect of the regulation weakened 3 years after implementation compared with that in 1 month after the implementation. The enforcement degree of the regulation was conflicted with pasting rate of no-smoking signs and the regulation awareness level in waiters in restaurants in Dongcheng and Chaoyang districts.
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