文章摘要
于建平,苏宁,赵芳红,邓瑛.北京市公共卫生从业人员健康检查现状调查分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2019,40(7):844-848
北京市公共卫生从业人员健康检查现状调查分析
Status of health examination on public health employees in Beijing
投稿时间:2019-05-06  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.07.020
中文关键词: 公共卫生从业人员;健康检查;调查
英文关键词: Public health employee;Health examination;Investigation
基金项目:北京市红十字基金会
作者单位E-mail
于建平 北京市疾病预防控制中心 北京市预防医学研究中心办公室 100013  
苏宁 北京市疾病预防控制中心 北京市预防医学研究中心办公室 100013  
赵芳红 北京市疾病预防控制中心 北京市预防医学研究中心职业健康体检中心 100013  
邓瑛 北京市疾病预防控制中心 北京市预防医学研究中心 100013 yujp@bjcdc.org 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解北京市公共卫生从业人员健康检查现状,进一步规范公共卫生从业人员健康管理。方法 通过问卷调查、个人访谈了解公共卫生从业人员基本情况、体检情况、培训情况、卫生法规相关知识掌握情况以及满意度等,两两比较采用χ2检验,多因素分析采用多元线性回归。结果 97.0%的人员接受抽血检查,77.6%的人接受X线检查,86.4%的人接受粪便检查,51.0%的人接受皮肤检查,剔除皮肤检查后其他检查项目完成的比例为72.1%。公立医院与民营医院体检相比,X线检查、粪便检查以及剔除皮肤检查后其他检查项目完成的比例差异有统计学意义( χ2=36.22,P<0.001; χ2=9.09,P=0.003; χ2=31.06,P<0.001)。5道知识全部答对的百分比为3.2%,年龄、工龄、文化程度均与公共卫生从业人员知识得分呈正相关。结论 北京市公共卫生从业人员健康检查存在质量较差、缺乏监管、无法溯源、相关卫生知识知晓率低等问题,需采取针对性措施。
英文摘要:
      Objective The aim of this study was to understand the status of health examination on public health employees in Beijing, in order to further standardize the health management of the employees. Methods Questionnaire surveys and personal interviews were produced to obtain the basic information, physical examination, occupational training, knowledge of health laws and regulations, and satisfaction of employees. Pairwise comparison was conducted by chi-square test. Multivariate linear regression was used for multivariate analysis. Results The percentage of the public health employees who took the blood tests, X-ray examinations, fecal examinations, and skin examinations were 97.0%, 77.6%, 86.4%, and 51.0%, respectively. After excluding the skin examination, the completion rate of other examination items was 72.1%, and the difference of this rate between public hospitals and private hospitals were statistically significant (χ2=36.22, P<0.001; χ2=9.09, P=0.003; χ2=31.06, P<0.001). The percentage of correct answers to all the five questions was 3.2%, and age, working age and education level were positively correlated with knowledge scores of employees. Conclusions The problems in Beijing's health examination of employees included poor examination quality, lack of supervision, inability to trace the source and low awareness rate of health knowledge, which suggested that counter measures should be taken immediately.
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