文章摘要
苏夏雯,戴政,马静,刘梦冉,邵晓颖,江宇,罗会明.我国6所高校预防医学专业应届本科毕业生对实习的态度及需求研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2019,40(7):849-853
我国6所高校预防医学专业应届本科毕业生对实习的态度及需求研究
A survey of attitudes to and demands on internship in graduates majoring in preventive medicine in 6 colleges and universities in China
投稿时间:2019-02-27  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.07.021
中文关键词: 预防医学;本科教育;实习
英文关键词: Preventive medicine;Undergraduate education;Internship
基金项目:中国工程院重大咨询研究项目(2016-ZD-11-04)
作者单位E-mail
苏夏雯 中国医学科学院 北京协和医学院公共卫生学院, 北京 100730  
戴政 中国疾病预防控制中心教育培训处, 北京 102206  
马静 中国疾病预防控制中心教育培训处, 北京 102206  
刘梦冉 中国疾病预防控制中心教育培训处, 北京 102206  
邵晓颖 中国疾病预防控制中心教育培训处, 北京 102206  
江宇 中国医学科学院 北京协和医学院公共卫生学院, 北京 100730 jiangyu@pumc.edu.cn 
罗会明 中国疾病预防控制中心教育培训处, 北京 102206 luohm@chinacdc.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解6所高校预防医学学生在校期间的实习等情况,为预防医学专业的实习安排改进提供参考建议。方法 采用聚类与方便抽样结合的方法,在全国东、中、西部抽取6所高校的预防医学专业五年级在校生进行问卷调查,了解其临床、公共卫生实习的态度及建议等信息。结果 共调查学生596人,学生在临床实习及公共卫生实习认为有收获的学生占比均>88%,认为临床实习需要改革的人数比例高于公共卫生实习;在实习中存在的问题及改进建议方面,临床实习方面被提频率由高到低依次为:时间安排不够合理(95,39.58%)、内容应更细致深入(73,30.42%)及实习内容与专业方向不符(54,22.50%)等;公共卫生实习方面被提频率由高到低依次为:时间安排不合理(77,45.56%)、内容应更细致并规范统一(65,38.46%)、实习单位类型更加多元化(20,11.83%)等。结论 预防医学专业本科毕业生对目前的临床实践与公共卫生实习收获感及认为实习的必要性均较高,但同时两类实习仍存在诸多有待改进的方面,需学生、带教教师、院校与实习基地等多方的共同努力,以促进本科实习实践的不断完善。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the internship of students majoring in preventive medicine in 6 colleges and universities in China, and provide reference suggestions for the improvement of internship arrangement. Methods By using the method of combined clustering and convenient sampling, the fifth grades students majoring in preventive medicine in six universities in the eastern, central and western China were surveyed by using questionnaires to collect the information of their attitudes (to) and suggestions for clinical and public health internships. Results A total of 596 students were surveyed. In terms of the benefits of clinical internship and public health internship, students who thought that the internship was fruitful accounted for >88%, and more students thought that reform is needed in clinical internship compared with public health internship. In clinical internship, the students through that the time arrangement was not appropriate enough (95, 39.58%), the content should be more detailed and in-depth (73, 30.42%) and the content did not conform to the professional direction (54, 22.50%). In public health internship, the students thought that the time arrangement was not appropriate (77, 45.56%), the content should be more detailed and standardized (65, 38.46%) and the types of internship bases should be more diversified (20, 11.83%). Conclusions The undergraduates majoring in preventive medicine felt to be benefited from clinical practice and public health internships and thought they are of necessity. At the same time, there are still many problems which needs to be improved in the two types of internships. It is necessary to make joint efforts from students, teachers, colleges and practice bases to promote the continuous improvement of undergraduate internship.
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