文章摘要
尚翠,张全福,殷强玲,李德新,李建东.汉坦病毒病流行影响因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2020,41(6):968-974
汉坦病毒病流行影响因素分析
Influence factors related epidemics on hantavirus disease
收稿日期:2019-09-16  出版日期:2020-06-16
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20190916-00678
中文关键词: 汉坦病毒;人畜共患病;肾综合征出血热;肺综合征出血热;影响因素
英文关键词: Hantavirus;Zoonosis;Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome;Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome;Influence factors
基金项目:国家科技重大专项(2016ZX10004222-002,2018ZX10711001)
作者单位E-mail
尚翠 中国疾病预防控制中心病毒病预防控制所, 北京 102206  
张全福 中国疾病预防控制中心病毒病预防控制所, 北京 102206  
殷强玲 中国疾病预防控制中心病毒病预防控制所, 北京 102206  
李德新 中国疾病预防控制中心病毒病预防控制所, 北京 102206  
李建东 中国疾病预防控制中心病毒病预防控制所, 北京 102206 ldong121@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      汉坦病毒病是汉坦病毒引起的主要经啮齿类动物传播的自然疫源性疾病,在全球范围流行,严重影响公众健康。该病的发生主要取决于病毒、啮齿类宿主动物和个体人之间的相互作用,存在地理、季节差异,也存在一定的周期性和偶然性,受气候与气象、环境、经济社会发展、人类生产生活活动和个人行为等因素影响。分析疾病流行的主要影响因素及其原理,及时干预,科学落实防控措施,有助于防控该类疾病的发生。本研究通过检索相关科技文献,从病毒与宿主、气候与气象因素、地理环境因素和经济社会因素等角度归纳总结影响汉坦病毒传播和感染的因素,以加强对该类疾病流行、传播特征的理解,以期对汉坦病毒病疫情预测和预防控制措施的科学落实有所助益。
英文摘要:
      Hantavirus disease is a globally distributed, natural foci-related infectious disease caused by hantavirus, that maintaining persistent infections in their rodent hosts without apparent disease symptoms but seriously affecting the health safety of human beings. Development of the disease depends on the interaction between virus, rodent host and the individual person. Factors as significant geographical and seasonal variations, certain periodicity and contingency can all be related to the incidence of hantavirus disease. The disease is affected by climate and meteorological,environment, economic and social development, human life style and individual behaviors, etc.. Results from the analysis on main influencing factors and the nature of epidemics provide as with more evidence and information in setting up programs onto timely implementation of related prevention and control measures scientifically. By searching relevant scientific and technological literature, this paper summarizes the factors that affecting the nature of transmission and infection of hantavirus from related perspectives and factors including virus, host, climate and meteorological, meteorology, geographical environment, economic and social factors, etc.. In order to elaborate on the understanding of the epidemics and transmission characteristics of this kind of diseases, this paper provides evidence on prediction, prevention and control measures of hantavirus disease.
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