文章摘要
王玉琢,沈洪兵.孟德尔随机化研究应用于因果推断的影响因素及其结果解读面临的挑战[J].中华流行病学杂志,2020,41(8):1231-1236
孟德尔随机化研究应用于因果推断的影响因素及其结果解读面临的挑战
Challenges and factors that influencing causal inference and interpretation, based on Mendelian randomization studies
收稿日期:2020-05-21  出版日期:2020-08-25
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20200521-00749
中文关键词: 孟德尔随机化;核心假设;因果推断;结果解读;局限性
英文关键词: Mendelian randomization;Core assumptions;Causal inference;Interpretation of the findings;Limitations
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(81820108028,81521004)
作者单位E-mail
王玉琢 南京医科大学公共卫生学院流行病学系 211166  
沈洪兵 南京医科大学公共卫生学院流行病学系 211166 hbshen@njmu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      孟德尔随机化(Mendelian randomization,MR)研究使用遗传变异作为工具变量,推断暴露因素与结局之间的因果关系,能够有效克服混杂和反向因果问题所导致的偏倚。然而,MR研究中的工具变量须满足关联性、独立性和排他性3个核心假设。即使核心假设成立,MR研究在因果推断中的应用还受到其他局限性的影响。此外,MR研究结果的解读需要基于综合证据。本文将围绕MR研究应用于因果推断的影响因素和研究结果的解读进行综述,以期为MR研究结果应用提供指导。
英文摘要:
      Genetic variation is used as instrumental variable to investigate the causal relationship between exposure and outcome, which can avoid issues of confounding and reserve causation regarding Mendelian randomization studies. However, the instrumental variables in Mendelian randomization studies must satisfy three core assumptions-the relevance assumption, the independence assumption, and the exclusion restriction assumption. In addition to the plausibility of core assumptions, the application of Mendelian randomization studies in causal inference is also subject to other limitations. Findings from the Mendelian randomization studies should be interpreted in the context of existing evidence from other sources. In this article we provide an overview of the assumptions, limitations, and interpretation on causal inference that related to Mendelian randomization studies that can be applied in studies of the same kind.
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