文章摘要
吴含,羊柳,赵敏,席波.父母饮酒与儿童青少年饮酒的关联分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2020,41(9):1527-1530
父母饮酒与儿童青少年饮酒的关联分析
Association between parental alcohol use and alcohol use in children and adolescents in China
收稿日期:2020-02-25  出版日期:2020-09-18
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20200225-00174
中文关键词: 饮酒;父母;儿童;青少年
英文关键词: Alcohol use;Parent;Children;Adolescent
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(81673195);国家科技支撑计划(2012BAI03B03)
作者单位E-mail
吴含 山东大学齐鲁医学院公共卫生学院流行病学系/山东大学儿童心血管研究中心, 济南 250012  
羊柳 山东大学齐鲁医学院公共卫生学院流行病学系/山东大学儿童心血管研究中心, 济南 250012  
赵敏 山东大学齐鲁医学院公共卫生学院毒理与营养学系, 济南 250012  
席波 山东大学齐鲁医学院公共卫生学院流行病学系/山东大学儿童心血管研究中心, 济南 250012 xibo2010@sdu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨父母饮酒与儿童青少年饮酒的关系,为儿童青少年饮酒的防控政策制定提供科学依据。方法 采用方便整群抽样的方法,选取济南市城区8~17岁儿童青少年,通过调查问卷获取儿童青少年及其父母饮酒的相关信息,共获得有效样本量2 785人。采用多因素logistic回归模型分析父母饮酒与儿童青少年饮酒的关系。结果 儿童青少年饮酒者占11.2%(311名),父亲饮酒者占58.6%(1 633名),母亲饮酒者占7.3%(204名)。与父亲从不饮酒者相比,父亲现在饮酒(OR=1.36,95% CI:1.03~1.80)和重度饮酒(OR=2.09,95% CI:1.44~3.05)与儿童青少年饮酒存在关联。与母亲从不饮酒者相比,母亲现在饮酒也与儿童青少年饮酒存在关联(OR=2.72,95% CI:1.89~3.91)。与父母均不饮酒者相比,父母仅一方饮酒(OR=1.58,95% CI:1.20~2.09)和父母双方均饮酒(OR=4.12,95% CI:2.73~6.20)与儿童青少年饮酒存在关联。按照性别、年龄组分层分析,男生组及13~17岁组的结果与总体结果类似,但是仅父亲重度饮酒或父母双方均饮酒与女生、8~12岁儿童饮酒存在关联。结论 父母饮酒可能是儿童青少年饮酒的重要影响因素。今后儿童青少年饮酒的防控政策制定应该考虑父母饮酒因素。
英文摘要:
      Objective To evaluate the association between parental alcohol use and alcohol use in children and adolescents in China and provide scientific evidence for the prevention and control of alcohol use in children and adolescents. Methods A total of 2 785 children and adolescents aged 8-17 years selected through convenient cluster sampling from urban area of Ji'nan, Shandong province were recruited. A standardized questionnaire was used to collect information about alcohol use from the participants and their parents. Multivariable logistic regression model was used to analyze the association between parental alcohol use and alcohol use in children and adolescents. Results The prevalence of alcohol use in children and adolescents, fathers and mothers were 11.2% (n=311), 58.6%(n=1 633), and 7.3%(n=204), respectively. Compared with children and adolescents with fathers who did not drink, those with fathers who drunk frequently (OR=1.36, 95% CI: 1.03-1.80) and abused alcohol (OR=2.09, 95% CI: 1.44-3.05) were more likely to drink alcohol. Compared with children and adolescents with mothers who did not drink, those with mothers who drunk frequently were also more likely to drink alcohol (OR=2.72, 95% CI: 1.89-3.91). Compared with children and adolescents with parents who did not drink, those with either of parents who drunk frequently (OR=1.58, 95% CI: 1.20-2.09), or with both parents who drunk frequently (OR=4.12, 95% CI: 2.73-6.20) were more likely to use alcohol. In subgroup analyses by sex and age, the results in boys and adolescents aged 13-17 years were similar with the overall results. However, father's alcohol abuse or frequent drinking of both father and mother was associated with alcohol use in girls and children aged 8-12 years. Conclusions Parental alcohol use might be one important influencing factor of alcohol use in children and adolescents. Parental alcohol use should be considered in the establishment of the strategies for prevention and control alcohol use in children and adolescents.
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