文章摘要
丘云,赵琦,王娜,崔淑衡,郁雨婷,姜永根,赵根明.上海市松江区成年人高尿酸血症与慢性肾病关系的队列研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2021,42(9):1607-1614
上海市松江区成年人高尿酸血症与慢性肾病关系的队列研究
Association of hyperuricemia with risk of incident chronic kidney disease in adult in Songjiang district, Shanghai: a follow-up study
收稿日期:2020-07-19  出版日期:2021-09-27
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20200719-00957
中文关键词: 慢性肾病;血尿酸;高尿酸血症;队列研究
英文关键词: Chronic kidney disease;Serum uric acid;Hyperuricemia;Cohort study
基金项目:国家重点研发计划精准医学重点专项(2017YFC0907000);上海市高峰计划公共卫生与预防医学重点学科建设项目;上海市加强公共卫生体系建设三年行动计划(2020-2022年);公共卫生重点学科建设项目(GWV-10.1-XK16)
作者单位E-mail
丘云 复旦大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 公共卫生安全教育部重点实验室, 上海 200032  
赵琦 复旦大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 公共卫生安全教育部重点实验室, 上海 200032  
王娜 复旦大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 公共卫生安全教育部重点实验室, 上海 200032  
崔淑衡 复旦大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 公共卫生安全教育部重点实验室, 上海 200032  
郁雨婷 复旦大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 公共卫生安全教育部重点实验室, 上海 200032  
姜永根 上海市松江区疾病预防控制中心 201600  
赵根明 复旦大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 公共卫生安全教育部重点实验室, 上海 200032 gmzhao@shmu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 分析社区成年人高尿酸血症(HUA)与慢性肾病(CKD)发病风险的关系。方法 基于华东区域自然人群队列,对7 276例基线时未患CKD的上海市松江区20~74岁常住居民进行基于社区的前瞻性队列研究。CKD的诊断根据美国肾脏基金会慢性肾脏病实践指南的标准,HUA定义为血清尿酸(SUA)>420 μmol/L(男性)或>360 μmol/L(女性)。采用Cox比例风险模型分析HUA与CKD发病风险的关联。结果 经过中位时间2.65年的随访,队列人群新发CKD病例301例,累积发病率为4.14%,发病密度为16.01/1 000人年(95% CI:14.20~17.82)。CKD发病人群HUA的基线患病率显著高于非CKD发病人群。多因素Cox回归分析显示,HUA与CKD发病风险呈显著正关联,HUA患者的CKD发病风险HR值为1.92(95% CI:1.46~2.53)。在对性别、年龄、BMI、2型糖尿病、高血压等因素分层后,HUA与CKD发病风险仍呈显著正关联;在相加模型中,年龄与HUA存在交互作用,交互作用指数为1.78(95% CI:1.18~2.68)。结论 上海市松江区成年人CKD的发病率较高,HUA为CKD发病的独立危险因素。
英文摘要:
      Objective To evaluate the association of hyperuricemia with the risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in community adults. Methods A community-based follow-up study comprising of 7 276 adults aged 20-74 years who attended the natural population cohort in Eastern China and had no CKD at baseline survey was performed in the Songjiang district, Shanghai. CKD was diagnosed according to the National Kidney Foundation Practice Guidelines for Chronic Kidney Disease criteria. Hyperuricemia was defined as serum uric acid level >420 μmol/L for men and >360 μmol/L for women. Cox proportional hazards model was used to examine the association of hyperuricemia with the risk for CKD. Results During a median follow-up period of 2.65 year, 301 participants were newly diagnosed with CKD. The cumulative incidence rate and incidence density of CKD were 4.14%, and 16.01/1 000 person-years (95%CI:14.20-17.82), respectively. A higher prevalence of hyperuricemia was observed in subjects with CKD compared with those without CKD. Multivariate Cox regression model analysis showed that hyperuricemia was associated with the increased risk for CKD, with an adjusted HR of 1.92 (95%CI:1.46-2.53). Their positive associations remained in almost all the subgroups, including sex, age (<60, ≥ 60 years), BMI (<25.0, ≥ 25.0 kg/m2), type 2 diabetes, and hypertension. A significant synergistic effect of the interaction between age and hyperuricemia on CKD was found, and the synergy index was 1.78 (95%CI:1.18-2.68).Conclusion The incidence of CKD in adults in Songjiang district was relatively high. Hyperuricemia is an independent risk factor for the development of CKD.
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