文章摘要
樊盼英,马彦民,聂玉刚,刘洋,赵东阳,张国龙,李宁.河南省2015-2020年非婚非商业异性性传播HIV/AIDS特征和流行趋势分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2021,42(10):1835-1839
河南省2015-2020年非婚非商业异性性传播HIV/AIDS特征和流行趋势分析
Characteristics and trends of HIV/AIDS cases with the non-martial and non-commercial heterosexual transmission in Henan province, 2015-2020
收稿日期:2021-05-15  出版日期:2021-10-23
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20210515-00401
中文关键词: 艾滋病病毒;异性性传播;非婚;非商业
英文关键词: HIV;Heterosexual transmission;Non-martial;Non-commercial
基金项目:国家科技重大专项(2018ZX10715009);河南省科技攻关项目(172102310452)
作者单位E-mail
樊盼英 河南省疾病预防控制中心, 郑州 450016  
马彦民 河南省疾病预防控制中心, 郑州 450016  
聂玉刚 河南省疾病预防控制中心, 郑州 450016  
刘洋 河南省疾病预防控制中心, 郑州 450016  
赵东阳 河南省疾病预防控制中心, 郑州 450016  
张国龙 河南省疾病预防控制中心, 郑州 450016  
李宁 河南省疾病预防控制中心, 郑州 450016 lining0386@yeah.net 
摘要点击次数: 907
全文下载次数: 294
中文摘要:
      目的 分析2015-2020年河南省新报告非婚非商业异性性传播HIV/AIDS的特征和流行趋势变化。方法 从我国艾滋病防治基本信息系统下载2015-2020年河南省新报告≥15岁非婚非商业异性性传播HIV/AIDS个案信息,应用SPSS 22.0软件描述和分析病例的特征和流行趋势。结果 2015-2020年河南省新报告非婚非商业异性性传播HIV/AIDS 10 877例,占HIV/AIDS总数的构成比由2015年的32.6%增长至2020年的35.5%(趋势χ2=81.880,P<0.01);男女性别比1.9:1(7 105:3 772),年龄(45.5±15.8)岁,逐年增加(F=5.184,P<0.01),以40~59岁年龄组为主,女性病例中<50岁组的构成比逐年减少(趋势χ2=69.888,P<0.01);主要分布在HIV早期流行地区(驻马店市、南阳市、周口市、商丘市)和郑州市,与首次CD4+T淋巴细胞(CD4)<200个/μl病例集中的地区一致;首次CD4 MP25P75)为298(143,462)个/μl,首次CD4<200个/μl的构成比随时间无明显变化,首次CD4≥500个/μl的构成比逐年减少(趋势χ2=18.961,P<0.01)。结论 河南省非婚非商业异性性传播HIV/AIDS总体疫情呈上升趋势,以男性、已婚、初中、农民或民工、40~59岁为主,提示需关注农村地区和中年人群,结合生物学和社会学因素特点,采取综合性的防控措施,控制艾滋病传播。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analysis the characteristics and trends of non-martial and non-commercial heterosexual transmission of HIV/AIDS cases in Henan province between 2015 and 2020. Methods Information of newly reported HIV/AIDS through non-martial and non-commercial heterosexual transmission was collected from National Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Information system, using SPSS 22.0 to analyze the characteristics and tend of cases. Results During 2015-2020, a total of 10 877 HIV/AIDS cases infected by non-martial and non-commercial heterosexual transmission were newly reported in Henan province. This mode of infection increased from 32.6% in 2015 to 35.5% in 2020 (trend χ2=81.880,P<0.01). The male to female ratio was 1.9:1 (7 105:3 772). The mean age was (45.5±15.8) years, increasing annually (F=5.184,P<0.01). For female cases, the proportion of aged 15-50 years group was decreased annually (trend χ2=69.888, P<0.01). Most HIV/AIDS cases were distributed in the early HIV epidemic areas and Zhengzhou city, the same as the cases of the first CD4+T cells counts (CD4) below 200 cells/μl. The median (P25, P75) first CD4 count was 298 (143, 462) cells/μl. The proportion of the first CD4<200 cells/μl was no significant change annually, while the proportion of the first CD4 ≥ 500 cells/μl was decreasing annually (trend χ2=18.961,P<0.01). Conclusions The reported cases through non-martial and non-commercial heterosexual transmission increased, with most of them were male, married, junior, farmer, migrant laborer, and aged 40-59 years. It is needed to focus on the rural district and the middle-aged population, combined with biological and social factors to control the prevalence of AIDS through comprehensive prevention and control measures.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭