文章摘要
吴优优,杨蕾,陈律,肖芳,谭红专,胡国清.国内外公共卫生硕士专业学位培养模式比较[J].中华流行病学杂志,2021,42(12):2208-2213
国内外公共卫生硕士专业学位培养模式比较
Comparison of training models for master of public health between China and other countries
收稿日期:2020-08-30  出版日期:2021-12-16
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20200830-01108
中文关键词: 公共卫生;专业硕士;培养方案;中国
英文关键词: Public health;Master of public health;Program;China
基金项目:中国学位与研究生教育项目(YX20190201-01)
作者单位E-mail
吴优优 中南大学湘雅公共卫生学院流行病学与卫生统计学系, 长沙 410078  
杨蕾 中南大学湘雅公共卫生学院流行病学与卫生统计学系, 长沙 410078  
陈律 中南大学湘雅公共卫生学院劳动卫生与环境卫生学系, 长沙 410078  
肖芳 中南大学湘雅公共卫生学院毒理学系, 长沙 410078  
谭红专 中南大学湘雅公共卫生学院流行病学与卫生统计学系, 长沙 410078  
胡国清 中南大学湘雅公共卫生学院流行病学与卫生统计学系, 长沙 410078 huguoqing@csu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      随着全球化进程的加快和我国"一带一路"倡议的实施,我国与其他国家间的交流日益频繁,越来越多的国际留学生进入我国大学接受公共卫生硕士专业学位教育。然而,我国公共卫生硕士专业学位培养教育起步相对较晚,其培养方案与科学学位硕士培养相差不大,与国际主流培养方案相差较大,不利于我国公共卫生硕士专业学位教育的国际化。本文系统检索和评价国内外公共卫生硕士专业学位培养模式及相关研究文献,发现国内模式相较于国外模式的主要差异和不足包括:①报考要求具有医学背景;②培养年限相对偏长;③课程体系不完善;④偏重科研能力,实践能力培养相对重视不够;⑤就业选择相对局限。本文建议从以下几个方面改进我国的公共卫生硕士专业学位教育,包括:允许不同专业背景学生报考、适当压缩培养年限、改进课程体系、强化实践能力的培养等措施改进。
英文摘要:
      With the accelerating globalization and the implementation of "Belt and Road" initiative proposed by our government, communication and exchanges between China and foreign countries have become more and more frequent than before, and much more international students have chosen to study in China's universities as candidates of master of public health (MPH). However, because China only launched the MPH program in recent years, with the training models being highly similar to the program of master of science in China but quite different from those of main international MPH programs, hindering China's MPH program to become an international one. This paper systematically evaluated existing training models of MPH programs both at home and abroad through literature review and identified major differences and deficiencies of China's MPH program compared to those from other countries:(1) requirement for medical background only; (2) comparatively longer period to complete the program; (3) incomplete curriculum; (4) overemphasizing scientific research competencies but somewhat neglecting practical abilities; and (5) limited career choices, and put forward some suggestions to improve the MPH program of China, including removing requirement for medical background only, shortening the period of MPH program, improving the curriculum of MPH program, and enhancing the training of practical abilities.
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