文章摘要
中华预防医学会.中国疫苗接种用注射器(注射针)选用专家共识[J].中华流行病学杂志,2022,43(6):798-803
中国疫苗接种用注射器(注射针)选用专家共识
Expert consensus on selection of needles and syringes for vaccination in China
收稿日期:2022-03-21  出版日期:2022-06-16
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20220321-00207
中文关键词: 疫苗接种;注射器;注射针;规格;专家共识
英文关键词: Vaccination;Syringe;Needle;Size;Expert consensus
基金项目:
作者单位
中华预防医学会  
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中文摘要:
      使用适宜规格的注射器(注射针)接种疫苗可以减少疼痛和受种者接种损伤,合适的注射针和针管长度可以确保疫苗到达期望的组织部位,以产生良好的免疫应答。不少国家基于研究证据和实践经验在预防接种操作指南中给出注射器(注射针)规格选用推荐,但中国缺少类似推荐。本共识专家组通过收集当前国内外疫苗接种用注射器(注射针)生产标准和选用操作指南、医疗注射相关原始研究和综述等,基于现有理论证据和各级疾病预防控制机构及预防接种单位的实践经验,形成中国疫苗接种用注射器(注射针)选用专家共识,供疾病预防控制机构和预防接种单位人员接种操作参考使用。
英文摘要:
      Vaccination with a suitable needle and syringe can reduce pain and risk of injury. Use of proper needle and needle length helps ensure the vaccine is deposited in the desired tissue for optimal immune response. Many countries recommend suitable needles and syringe in their vaccination guidelines based on research evidence and practical experience, however China currently lacks such recommendations. This consensus panel of experts reviewed current standards for production of vaccination needles and syringes, guidelines for needle and syringe selection, and original studies and review articles related to medical injections. Based on all available evidence and practical experience from all levels of centers for disease control and prevention (CDCs) and vaccination clinics, the experts formed a consensus on selection of needles and syringes for vaccination in China. The consensus can serve as a reference for needle and syringe size selection by CDCs and injection technique guidance in vaccination clinics.
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