文章摘要
许晴晴,严永富,陈浩,董文兰,韩丽媛,刘世炜.中国四大慢性病死亡率可持续发展目标实现的预测研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2022,43(6):878-884
中国四大慢性病死亡率可持续发展目标实现的预测研究
Predictions of achievement of Sustainable Development Goal to reduce age-standardized mortality rate of four major non-communicable diseases by 2030 in China
收稿日期:2021-10-28  出版日期:2022-06-16
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20211028-00830
中文关键词: 慢性病;年龄标化死亡率;贝叶斯分析;可持续发展目标
英文关键词: Chronic diseases;Age-standardized death rate;Bayesian analysis;Sustainable development goals
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2017YFC1310902);国家自然科学基金面上项目(81872721,82173648)
作者单位E-mail
许晴晴 中国疾病预防控制中心控烟办公室, 北京 100050  
严永富 中国疾病预防控制中心控烟办公室, 北京 100050  
陈浩 中国疾病预防控制中心政策规划研究室, 北京 102206  
董文兰 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心, 北京 100050  
韩丽媛 中国科学院大学宁波生命与健康产业研究院, 宁波 315010
中国科学院大学宁波华美医院, 宁波 315010 
hanliyuan@ucas.ac.cn 
刘世炜 中国疾病预防控制中心控烟办公室, 北京 100050 shiwei_liu@aliyun.com 
摘要点击次数: 146
全文下载次数: 45
中文摘要:
      目的 通过中国30~70岁居民1990-2019年心脑血管疾病、糖尿病、慢性呼吸系统疾病和癌症四大慢性病死亡趋势,预测2030年我国四大慢性病实现可持续发展目标(SDGs)3.4.1的情况。方法 基于2019年全球疾病负担研究中国四大慢性病1990-2019年疾病负担数据,利用年龄-时期-队列的贝叶斯模型预测2020-2030年我国慢性病死亡情况及2030年SDGs 3.4.1的实现情况。结果 1990-2019年我国四大慢性病年龄标化死亡率(ASR)呈下降趋势,预测我国30~70岁居民四大慢性病死亡数将由2020年的296.12万例增加至2030年的318.50万例,ASR将由2020年的308.49/10万下降至2030年的277.80/10万,与2015年的330.46/10万相比,2030年仅下降15.94%,其中男性下降18.73%,女性下降14.31%。另外心脑血管疾病下降25.09%,癌症下降4.76%,慢性呼吸系统疾病下降37.21%,而糖尿病基本不变。结论 我国30~70岁居民1990-2019年四大慢性病ASR呈下降趋势,但按目前的下降速度至2030年难以实现SDGs 3.4.1,应采取更有效措施积极应对。
英文摘要:
      Objective To predicate whether China can achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 3.4.1 to reduce the age-standardized mortality rate of four major non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in residents aged 30-70 years by 2030 based on the trend of the mortality from 1990 to 2019. Methods We collected the mortality data on cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes by age, gender and year in China from the Global Disease Burden Study 2019 (GBD2019). The age-period-cohort (APC) Bayesian model was applied for modeling the age-standardized mortality rate of four major NCDs in China during 2020-2030 according to the trend of the mortality during 1990-2019, and comparing the predicted value in 2030 with the observed value in 2015 to evaluate the possibility of achieving SDGs 3.4.1.Results The age-standardized mortality rate of the four major NCDs in China showed a downward trend during 1990-2019. It is predicted that the number of death of the four NCDs in Chinese residents aged 30-70 years would increase from 2.96 million in 2020 to 3.19 million in 2030, while the age-standardized mortality rate would decrease from 308.49/100 000 in 2020 to 277.80/100 000 in 2030. The age-standardized mortality rate in 2030 would only decrease by 15.94% (18.73% for males and 14.31% for females) compared with 330.46/100 000 in 2015, with a 25.09% decrease for cardiovascular diseases, 4.76% for cancers, 37.21% for chronic respiratory diseases, and unchanged for diabetes. Conclusion Although the age-standardized mortality rate of four major NCDs declined from 1990 to 2019 in China, it is difficult to achieve the SDGs of a 1/3 mortality rate reduction by 2030 according to the current declining trend, suggesting more active and effective efforts for NCD prevention and control are needed.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭