文章摘要
时路,李咸志,杨文,杨一挥,冯燎,吉克尔沙,张建华,栾荣生.四川省凉山彝族自治州布拖县HIV感染单阳家庭阴性配偶干预效果评价[J].中华流行病学杂志,2023,44(1):139-144
四川省凉山彝族自治州布拖县HIV感染单阳家庭阴性配偶干预效果评价
Study on effect of intensive intervention on negative spouses in HIV sero-discordant couples in Butuo County of Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province
收稿日期:2022-06-07  出版日期:2023-01-14
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20220607-00505
中文关键词: 艾滋病病毒/艾滋病  单阳家庭  评价  干预
英文关键词: HIV/AIDS  Sero-discordant couples  Evaluation  Intervention
基金项目:国家科技重大专项(2018ZX10715-003)
作者单位E-mail
时路 四川大学华西公共卫生学院/华西第四医院, 成都 610041  
李咸志 攀枝花市中心医院气象医学研究中心, 攀枝花 617067  
杨文 四川省疾病预防控制中心, 成都 610044  
杨一挥 四川省疾病预防控制中心, 成都 610044  
冯燎 四川省疾病预防控制中心, 成都 610044  
吉克尔沙 布拖县疾病预防控制中心, 布拖 616350  
张建华 凉山彝族自治州疾病预防控制中心, 西昌 615000  
栾荣生 四川大学华西公共卫生学院/华西第四医院, 成都 610041 luan_rs@scu.edu.cn 
摘要点击次数: 2159
全文下载次数: 724
中文摘要:
      目的 评价强化干预措施对HIV感染单阳家庭(单阳家庭)阴性配偶的干预效果。方法 2019年12月至2020年12月,将凉山彝族自治州布拖县7个乡镇按照单阳家庭配偶间传播状况匹配分为常规干预组和强化干预组,该乡镇内所有研究对象分别纳入到常规干预组和强化干预组,开展为期1年的综合干预。在干预措施实施前后第6个月分别开展基线调查和随访,对2组单阳家庭夫妻双方进行问卷调查和血清学检测。采用Cox比例风险回归模型和双重差分模型评价强化干预效果。结果 基线调查899户单阳家庭(强化干预组393户和常规干预组506户),随访806户(强化干预组349户和常规干预组457户)。与常规干预措施相比,强化干预措施未能提高阴性配偶对每个艾滋病知识的知晓率(P>0.05),但能够提高其艾滋病基本知识知晓率(β=1.40,P=0.008);与常规干预措施相比,强化干预措施能够降低单阳家庭配偶间性行为频次(β=-0.73,P=0.021),提高安全套坚持使用率(β=0.19,P=0.007),但并未降低阴性配偶HIV抗体阳转率(β=-0.61,OR=0.55,95%CI:0.18~1.66,P=0.294)。结论 强化干预措施能够提高单阳家庭阴性配偶的艾滋病认知水平,促进其采取安全性行为措施,但未能降低阴性配偶的HIV抗体阳转率。需要进一步增加干预措施实施以及随访的时长来客观评价强化干预的效果。
英文摘要:
      Objective To evaluate the effects of intensive intervention on negative spouses in sero-discordant couples. Methods From December 2019 to December 2020, all HIV sero-discordant couples in seven townships in Butuo County of Liangshan were enrolled and divided into intensive intervention group and routine intervention group. Both intensive intervention and routine intervention were conducted for one year. Baseline survey and follow-up were conducted respectively with a questionnaire survey and a serological testing in HIV sero-discordant couples in the two groups at 6th month before and after the interventions. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards model and difference-in-difference model were used to evaluate the effect of the intensive intervention. Results A total of 899 sero-discordant couples were enrolled (393 of intensive intervention group and 506 of routine intervention group), in whom 806 completed the follow up survey (349 of intensive intervention group and 457 of routine intervention group). Compared with routine intervention, intensive intervention had no effect to improve the correct answer rate of an AIDS related question in negative spouses (P>0.05), but could improve their awareness of AIDS related knowledge (β=1.40, P=0.008). Compared with routine intervention, intensive intervention could reduce the frequency of sex between HIV sero-discordant couples (β=-0.73, P=0.021), and increase the frequency of condom use (β=0.19, P=0.007), but had no effect to decrease the positive conversion rate in negative spouses (β=-0.61, OR=0.55,95%CI:0.18-1.66, P=0.294). Conclusions The intensive interventions could improve the awareness of AIDS related knowledge in negative spouses in sero-disordant couples and promote their safe sexual behavior, but had no effect to decrease the positive conversion in negative spouses. It is necessary to continue the intensive intervention and follow up to evaluate the effects of the intervention.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭