文章摘要
刘晨一,王丽敏,高星星,张梅.蔬菜和水果摄入与心脑血管疾病关系的研究进展[J].中华流行病学杂志,2023,44(2):348-352
蔬菜和水果摄入与心脑血管疾病关系的研究进展
Research progress on the relationship between vegetables and fruit intake on cardio-cerebrovascular diseases
收稿日期:2022-05-26  出版日期:2023-02-15
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20220526-00464
中文关键词: 蔬菜  水果  摄入不足  心脑血管疾病
英文关键词: Vegetables  Fruit  Insufficient intake  Cardio-cerebrovascular diseases
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
刘晨一 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心慢病危险因素监测室, 北京 100050
包头医学院公共卫生学院, 包头 014040 
 
王丽敏 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心慢病危险因素监测室, 北京 100050  
高星星 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心慢病危险因素监测室, 北京 100050
包头医学院公共卫生学院, 包头 014040 
 
张梅 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心慢病危险因素监测室, 北京 100050 zhangmei@ncncd.chinacdc.cn 
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中文摘要:
      心脑血管疾病(心血管病)已成为影响我国居民健康的重要公共卫生问题,蔬菜和水果摄入不足是包括心血管病在内的主要慢性病发生、发展的重要危险因素。合理摄入且摄入不同种类的蔬菜和水果对心血管病的防治有积极的意义。本文就近年来国内外针对蔬菜和水果摄入量、种类及加工方式与心血管病的发生、发展和死亡之间的关系,及其可能机制的研究进展进行综述,为推广合理膳食,促进居民形成营养均衡的膳食习惯,完善我国一般和高危人群心血管病预防及心血管病患者管理的策略和措施提供进一步的支持。
英文摘要:
      Cardio-cerebrovascular diseases (CVDs) are major public health concerns affecting the health of Chinese residents, and the insufficient intake of vegetables and fruit is an essential risk factor for the occurrence and development of major chronic diseases, including CVDs. A reasonable intake of vegetables fruit and different varieties have a positive significance for preventing and treating CVDs. This paper reviews the progress of recent research at home and abroad on the relationship between vegetables and fruit intake, types and methods of processing with CVDs occurrence, development, and mortality, as well as their possible mechanisms. It provides further support for promoting a proper diet, facilitating the formation of nutritionally balanced diet habits, and improving the strategies and measures for CVDs prevention and management of CVDs patients in general and high-risk populations in China.
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