文章摘要
张黎,王雪,亢梅力.海南省中学生新型毒品认知、态度、滥用倾向及影响因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2023,44(9):1414-1420
海南省中学生新型毒品认知、态度、滥用倾向及影响因素分析
Cognition, attitude and abuse tendency for new type drugs and influencing factors in middle school students in Hainan Province
收稿日期:2022-11-06  出版日期:2023-09-14
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20221106-00944
中文关键词: 健康教育  毒品  行为  认知  青少年
英文关键词: Health education  Drug  Behavior  Cognition  Adolescents
基金项目:中国人民公安大学侦查学双一流专项(2023SYL02)
作者单位E-mail
张黎 中国人民公安大学侦查学院/中国人民公安大学禁毒理论与政策研究中心, 北京 100038 vincent0406@126.com 
王雪 北京市海淀区人民检察院, 北京 100089  
亢梅力 中国人民公安大学侦查学院, 北京 100038  
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解海南省中学生对新型毒品的认知、态度、滥用倾向及影响因素,探究青少年毒品预防教育开展效果。方法 采用横断面调查设计,采用分层整群随机抽样方法,选取海南省36所中学的各年级学生进行匿名调查。估计样本量为1 680人。调查问卷内容包括个人社会人口学特征、新型毒品相关态度、滥用倾向和预防教育接受情况等。采用EpiData 3.1软件进行数据录入和整理,采用SPSS 22.0软件进行统计学分析。结果 调查对象共45 919人,人均认知新型毒品2.87种。中学生对传统毒品的认知程度高于新型毒品。身边有人使用过新型毒品、新型毒品种类认知少是新型毒品滥用倾向的危险因素。接受毒品预防教育的比例为90.33%(41 480/45 919),人均参与过不同形式的预防教育活动3.36种。中学生获取禁毒知识的主要渠道是禁毒题材讲座(80.00%,33 186/41 480)。结论 海南省中学生对新型毒品的认知程度较低,毒品预防教育能有效改善物质滥用倾向情况,应进一步提高教育活动的阶段性、多元性和适时性,帮助学生树立正确的毒品观。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the cognition, attitude, abuse tendency for new type drugs and influencing factors in middle school students in Hainan Province, and evaluate the effect of health education about drug use prevention in teenagers.Methods A cross-sectional survey design and stratified cluster random sampling method were used to select 36 middle schools in Hainan to conduct an anonymous questionnaire survey in students of all grades. The estimated sample size was 1 680.The information collected by the questionnaire included students' basic information, attitude to new drugs, abuse tendency and acceptance of prevention education. EpiData 3.1 software was used for data entry and sorting, and SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results A total of 45 919 students were surveyed, averagely, they knew 2.87 kinds of new type drugs. The students' cognition of traditional drugs was higher than that of new type drugs. Friends or close friends using new type drugs, the low cognition level of new drug types were the risk factor for new type drug abuse. The acceptance rate of health education against drug use was 90.33% (41 480/45 919), and averagely, the students participated in 3.36 kinds of health education activities against drug abuse. The main channel for the students to acquire anti-drug knowledge was anti-drug lectures (80.00%, 33 186/41 480). Conclusions Middle school students have low cognition level of new type drugs in Hainan. Health education can effectively curb the tendency of substance abuse in Hainan Province. It is necessary to further improve the health education activities in aspects of stage, form and timeliness to help more students to recognize the harm of drugs.
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