文章摘要
刘毅,李东民,韩孟杰.2020-2022年HIV检测服务研究进展[J].中华流行病学杂志,2023,44(11):1831-1836
2020-2022年HIV检测服务研究进展
Progress in research of HIV testing services between 2020 and 2022
收稿日期:2022-12-05  出版日期:2023-11-17
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20221205-01040
中文关键词: 新型冠状病毒感染  艾滋病病毒检测  影响
英文关键词: COVID-19  HIV testing  Influence
基金项目:国家科技重大专项(2017ZX10201101-002-006)
作者单位E-mail
刘毅 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心, 北京 102206  
李东民 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心, 北京 102206  
韩孟杰 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心, 北京 102206 mjhan@chinaaids.cn 
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中文摘要:
      HIV检测是艾滋病防治工作的关键环节,是诊断发现HIV感染者的必要手段。新型冠状病毒感染疫情(新冠疫情)期间,通过医疗卫生机构和社会组织等途径提供的HIV检测数量明显下降。HIV自我检测需求在新冠疫情期间快速上升,成为医疗机构等HIV检测途径的重要补充。HIV检测在新冠疫情期间主要受到医疗机构服务、新冠疫情防控措施、人群检测意愿、性伴数量等供需两端多种因素的影响。本文从新冠疫情对HIV检测数量的总体影响,对不同检测途径的影响、相关因素以及提高HIV检测的策略措施方面进行综述,为优化传染病流行时期的HIV检测服务提供依据。
英文摘要:
      As a key measure for the diagnosis of HIV infection, HIV testing is essential for AIDS prevention and control. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of HIV testing provided through medical health institutions and social organizations was significantly decreased. The demand for HIV self-testing increased rapidly during the COVID-19 pandemic, and HIV self-testing has become an important supplement to HIV testing in medical institutions. During the COVID-19 pandemic, HIV testing was mainly affected by medical services, COVID-19 prevention and control measures, individual's willingness to undergo testing, the number of sex partners and other factors in terms of both supply and demand. This article summarizes the overall impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on HIV testing, including different testing methods, the related factors and strategies for the improvement of HIV testing. The goal is to provide evidence-based insights for strengthening HIV testing services during infectious diseases pandemic.
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