文章摘要
胥欣,姜易晨,杨彦清,郑艳敏,孙乃玲,田昌伟,姚玅洁,邴鹏飞,李京,雷苏文.公共卫生领域卫生健康标准在新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情防控中的应用与思考[J].中华流行病学杂志,,():
公共卫生领域卫生健康标准在新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情防控中的应用与思考
Application and thinking of health standards related to public health in prevention and control of coronavirus disease 2019
收稿日期:2020-04-12  出版日期:2020-05-25
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20200412-00561
中文关键词: 新型冠状病毒肺炎;疫情防控;公共卫生;卫生健康标准
英文关键词: COVID-19;Epidemic prevention and control;Public health;Health standard
基金项目:山东省社会科学规划研究(18CQXJ18);山东省重点研发计划(2019GSF111067);山东省医药卫生科技发展计划(2017WS703);中国疾病预防控制中心公共卫生标准研究制定(131031001000160004)
作者单位E-mail
胥欣 潍坊医学院附属医院 261031  
姜易晨 潍坊医学院公共卫生学院 261053  
杨彦清 潍坊医学院公共卫生学院 261053  
郑艳敏 中国疾病预防控制中心卫生标准处, 北京 102206
苏州市疾病预防控制中心食品卫生科 215004 
 
孙乃玲 中国疾病预防控制中心卫生标准处, 北京 102206  
田昌伟 中国疾病预防控制中心卫生标准处, 北京 102206  
姚玅洁 中国疾病预防控制中心卫生标准处, 北京 102206  
邴鹏飞 苏州市疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病防制科 215000  
李京 潍坊医学院公共卫生学院 261053 lijingsddx@126.com 
雷苏文 中国疾病预防控制中心卫生标准处, 北京 102206 leisw@chinacdc.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 通过对新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情防控工作相关卫生健康标准中公共卫生领域的传染病标准、环境健康标准、学校卫生标准、消毒标准的现状、主要内容等进行系统分析,为进一步优化疫情防控指南提供支持,也为相关卫生健康标准的修订和完善提供参考。方法 收集新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情防控中涉及的公共卫生领域标准,将标准中的适用范围、技术要素等与《新型冠状病毒肺炎防控方案(第六版)》等疫情防控指南进行系统比较。结果 现行公共卫生领域标准基本符合标准的科学性、时效性和可行性;现行公共卫生领域标准的适用范围、技术要素基本满足疫情防控工作需要;公共卫生标准化体系仍需不断完善,部分公共卫生领域标准需要修订。结论 现行公共卫生领域标准的有效贯彻实施,为疫情防控工作提供有力的技术支持。疫情防控工作的经验将推动卫生健康标准化体系的不断完善。
英文摘要:
      Objective To systematically analyze the basic characteristics and contents of the current health standards for infectious disease, environmental health, school health and disinfection in the context of COVID-19 prevention and control, and provide support for the further optimization of epidemic prevention and control guidelines and reference for the revision and improvement of related health standards. Methods Public health standards used in COVID-19 prevention and control were selected for a systematic comparison with “The Plan of COVID19 Prevention and Control” (the 6th Edition) and other epidemic prevention and control guidelines from the perspectives of application scope and technical elements. Results The current standards of public health are with scientificity, timeliness and feasibility. The application scope and technical elements of the current public health standards basically meet the needs of the prevention and control of COVID-19 epidemic, but the public health standardization system still needs improvement, and some public health standards need to be revised. Conclusions The implementation of current public health standards can provide strong technical support for the prevention and control of COVID-19 epidemic. The experience obtained from COVID-19 epidemic prevention and control might promote the further improvement of the health standardization system.
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