文章摘要
董天义,柴兰芳,吕临祥,孙朴,王庆元,王秉焜,邓址.抗凝血剂持久毒饵盒防制列车鼠患的效果观察[J].中华流行病学杂志,1985,6(5):304-306
抗凝血剂持久毒饵盒防制列车鼠患的效果观察
The Effect of Permanent Bait Boxes Containing Anticoagulants in Rodent Control in the Trains
收稿日期:  出版日期:2021-05-22
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作者单位
董天义 军事医学科学院微生物流行病研究所 
柴兰芳 郑州铁路局中心卫生防疫站 
吕临祥 郑州铁路局中心卫生防疫站 
孙朴 郑州铁路局中心卫生防疫站 
王庆元 郑州铁路局中心卫生防疫站 
王秉焜 郑州铁路局中心卫生防疫站 
邓址 军事医学科学院微生物流行病研究所 
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中文摘要:
      以往客车灭鼠采用急性灭鼠剂毒饵直接放在地板上,实践证明达不到防制目的。本文作者于1982年4月开始,在郑州铁路局的6列客车上,用装有0.025%浓度杀鼠灵或敌鼠钠盐毒饵的长方形和倒梯形纸板盒,放在顶棚和车墙夹层以及下部的暖气管和车墙间的缝隙,每3天检查补充1次毒饵,2~4周控制鼠害。以后每3个月更换1次毒饵。到1983年3月底,6列客车已保持无鼠害8~10个月。采用抗凝血剂持久毒饵盒防制列车鼠害,方法简便、效果持久,有推广价值。
英文摘要:
      People used to put acute rodenticide baits on the floor of the car for rodent control in the passenger trains. This technic, however, failed to control the pests.Since April 1982, the authors carried out a series of studies to eradicate rodent infestation in six trains of the Zhengzhou Railway Bureau by using cardboard bait boxes (rectangular and reversal trapezoid shaped) containing anticoagulants, warfarin at 0.025% or diphacinone Na-salt at 0.025%.The rodent infestations in these trains were controlled when the boxes containing the baits held in the covered places of the car for 2-4 weeks, followed by an additional replenishment of bait once every three days. After the control established the baits in the boxes were replaced every three months.Up to the end of March 1983,effectiveness of eradication had been maintained for 8-10 months. It is concluded that the permanent bait boxes containing warfarin or diphacinone Nasalt can effectively eradicate rodent infestation in the trains.
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