文章摘要
朱康民,何尚浦,潘小琴,郑先荣,顾源.尿中钠钾钙镁与儿童血压的关系[J].中华流行病学杂志,1987,8(1):9-13
尿中钠钾钙镁与儿童血压的关系
The Relationship between Sodium, Potassium, Calcium and Magnesium in Urine and Blood Pressure
收稿日期:  出版日期:2021-05-29
DOI:
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英文关键词: 
基金项目:
作者单位
朱康民 同济医科大学 
何尚浦 同济医科大学 
潘小琴 同济医科大学 
郑先荣 同济医科大学 
顾源 同济医科大学 
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中文摘要:
      针对人群内钠摄入量与血压关系流行病学研究中存在的一些方法学问题和影响因素,我们在148名7~8岁男性儿童中收集了七天的24小时尿液,探讨了尿中钠及钾、钙、镁与血压的关系。研究结果不支持尿中四种阳离子分别与血压有关的观点。但是,尿钠/钙或尿钾/钙比值与收缩压正相关,而且脑卒中家族史不同,两者与收缩压的关系亦可能不同。结果提示尿钠/钙或尿钾/钙与7~8岁男性儿童的血压可能有关,并提示遗传背景对这种关系的可能影响。
英文摘要:
      The relationship between sodium intake and blood pressure within a population has not been demonstrated in many studies. We collected seven consecutive 24-hour-urine specimens, measured blood pressure over seven days in 148 boys aged 7-8 years and explored the relationship of sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium or various of them to blood pressure. The multiple regression analysis showed that blood pressure was not significantly related to sodium, potassium, calcium or magnesium. The results did not support the view that the four cations were associated with blood pressure respectivety. But the ratio of sodium/calcium or potassium/calcium in urine was positively related to systolic blood pressure and this relationship might vary with different family history of stroke. The results suggested that the ratio of sodium/calcium or potassium/calcium in urine may be associ ted with blood pressure and genetic background may have some effects on the relationship.
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