文章摘要
孙克诚,孙敬熙,张爱华,曹孝薇,刘宗义,常珉传,熊范幼,籍德林.青岛市流感流行特点的研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,1987,8(4):214-217
青岛市流感流行特点的研究
A Study on the Epidemic Characteristics of Influenza in Qingdao
收稿日期:  出版日期:2021-05-31
DOI:
中文关键词: 流感病毒  亚型  血清学研究
英文关键词: Influenze virus  Subtype  Serological study
基金项目:
作者单位
孙克诚 青岛市卫生防疫站 
孙敬熙 青岛市卫生防疫站 
张爱华 青岛市卫生防疫站 
曹孝薇 青岛市卫生防疫站 
刘宗义 青岛市卫生防疫站 
常珉传 青岛市卫生防疫站 
熊范幼 青岛铁路卫生防疫站 
籍德林 青岛铁路卫生防疫站 
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中文摘要:
      本文报道了1979年12月~1985年9月对青岛地区流感的流行病学、病原学和人群免疫水平的研究情况。此间,先后发生流感流行五次,三次在冬季、二次在夏季。从采集的512份标本中,分离出流感病毒73株,以甲型最多占69.86%;甲型占27.40%;乙型占2.74%。其毒株变异与全国情况相似。在进行人群免疫水平监测显示,人群免疫水平的高低是预测流感流行的重要依据之一。经病原学和血清学证实,流感流行时,可以同时存在多型别或多亚型流感病毒,但有主次之分。
英文摘要:
      This paper reports the results of an epidemiological, etiological and serological study of influenza in 12.1979~9.1985 in Qingdao area. During this period, five prevalences took place, three in winter and two in summer. 73 strains of influenza virus were isolated from 512 samples, most of them were influenza A (H3N2) (69.86%); influenza A (H1N1) (27.40%) and influenza B (2.74%). Variation of influenza virus is similar to that in the whole country. One of the important basis for prediction is the level of population immunity against influenza. It was proved etiologically and serologically that more than one type and/or subtype of influenza viruses may be present in the same epidemic.
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