文章摘要
胡昭烈,滕洪范,韩敏,王秀英,王玉环.乙型肝炎疫苗阻断新婚夫妇HBV传播的效果观察[J].中华流行病学杂志,1991,12(4):222-225
乙型肝炎疫苗阻断新婚夫妇HBV传播的效果观察
Observation on Prevention of Hepatitis B Virus Transmission between Newly-married Couples by HBsAg Vaccing
收稿日期:1989-12-20  出版日期:2021-06-07
DOI:
中文关键词: 乙肝疫苗;免疫;HBV传播
英文关键词: HBV carriage;HB vaccine;Immunity
基金项目:
作者单位
胡昭烈 山东淄博第二卫校, 255015 
滕洪范 山东淄博卫校 
韩敏 山东淄博第二卫校, 255015 
王秀英 山东淄博制酸厂职工医院 
王玉环 齐鲁石化职工医院 
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中文摘要:
      61例婚前体检对方为HBsAg(+)或HBsAg和HBeAg(+)的易感配偶,随机单盲分成两组于婚前接种乙肝疫苗或安慰剂。结果6个月后抗-HBs阳转率分别为93.33%(28/30)和6.45%(2/31),差异显著(P<0.01),结婚暴露6~12个月HBV感染率分别为6.67%(2/30)和61.29%(19/31),P<0.01,其保护率达89.12%,95%可信限为74.24~100.00%。表明乙肝疫苗接种易感新婚夫妇的血清免疫应答和阻断HBV传播的流行病学效果可靠。这对个人、家庭和后代是有益的。
英文摘要:
      Sixty-one young men and women, whose fiances were found to be HBsAg (+) or partly HBeAg (+), had been undergone medical examination before marriage. They were divided into two groups and given HBV vaccine or placebo before marriage. Six months later, the seroconversion rates of anti-HBs in these two groups were 93.33% (28/30) and 6.45% (2/31), respectively. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). Six-twelve months after marriage, the HBsAg poitive rates were 6.67% (2/30) and 61.29% (9/31), respectively. This difference was highly significant (P<0.001). The pretective rate of HB vaccine reached 89.12%. The results suggested that it is important to vaccinate the susceptible persons to be married to enhance their immunity against HBV, especially when the fiances were found to be HBsAg positive (+) before marriage.
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