文章摘要
赵金锁,凌国荣,夏子淼,高惠敏,付乃法,梁天文,何金林,陈明华,胡永勤,张金毛.一起由影剧院传播的风疹爆发流行调查报告[J].中华流行病学杂志,1992,13(6):359-361
一起由影剧院传播的风疹爆发流行调查报告
An Outbreak of Rubella with A Cinema as Source
收稿日期:1990-05-31  出版日期:2021-06-05
DOI:
中文关键词: 风疹;潜伏期
英文关键词: Rubella;Average latent period
基金项目:
作者单位
赵金锁 浙江省余杭县卫生防疫站 311100 
凌国荣 浙江省余杭县卫生防疫站 311100 
夏子淼 浙江省余杭县卫生防疫站 311100 
高惠敏 浙江省余杭县卫生防疫站 311100 
付乃法 浙江省余杭县卫生防疫站 311100 
梁天文 浙江省余杭县卫生防疫站 311100 
何金林 浙江省余杭县卫生防疫站 311100 
陈明华 浙江省余杭县卫生防疫站 311100 
胡永勤 浙江省余杭县卫生防疫站 311100 
张金毛 余杭县九堡镇卫生院 
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中文摘要:
      余杭县九堡镇四所小学于1989年12月20日~1990年2月12日发生了一起风疹爆发流行,罹患率高达37.46%。患者具有风疹的典型临床症状,预后良好,平均潜伏期为17.8天。经调查分析,证实本次爆发流行系看电影引起的传播,第一代169例病人均为看电影者,未看电影者无一人发病。罹患率最高的小学达56.97%,年龄组罹患率以10~15岁组为最高,达48.40%。经血清学检测,患者的风疹IgM检出率,在病后2~5天和6~20天,分别为52.63%和76.66%,病后30天以上未检出阳性。
英文摘要:
      An outbreak of rubella occurred in four primary schools at jiu-bao town Yuhang county from twentith Dec. 1989 to twelfth Feb. 1990. Attack rate was 37.46%. The patients had typical clinical featurs, and its prognosis was good. Average latent period was 17.8 days. The outbreak was suggested to related to a cinema, the first generation of 196 cases had the history of going to the movies. There was no case among those who had not gone to the same cinema at the same period. The highest attack rate was 56.97% in a primary school. The highest attack rate of age group was at 10~15 year group (48.40%), the rubella IgM positive rate at 2~5 days and 6~20 days were 52.63% and 76.66% respectively. 30 days later, no positive result was found.
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