文章摘要
胡毅玲,王声湧,池桂波,黎洁慧.致死性机动车车祸流行病学特征及其多因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,1994,15(2):114-116
致死性机动车车祸流行病学特征及其多因素分析
Epidemiologic Features and the Stepwise Regression Analysis of Fatal Motor Vehicle Accidents in Guangzhou
收稿日期:1993-01-28  出版日期:2021-05-29
DOI:
中文关键词: 机动车;致死性车祸;流行病学特征;多因素分析
英文关键词: Motor vehicle;Fatal traffic accident;Epidemiologic feature;Multivariate analysis
基金项目:本项研究系国务院侨办和广东省卫生厅科研基金资助项目
作者单位
胡毅玲 暨南大学医学院流行病学教研室 510632 广州市 
王声湧 暨南大学医学院流行病学教研室 510632 广州市 
池桂波 暨南大学医学院流行病学教研室 510632 广州市 
黎洁慧 暨南大学医学院流行病学教研室 510632 广州市 
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中文摘要:
      本文描述了1985~1989年广州市区1532宗致死性机动车车祸的流行病学特征,并运用多元逐步回归方法分析某些有关致死性机动车车祸的影响因素。结果显示,39.49%的车祸是由于机动车与自行车相撞。车祸的死亡者中小于25岁和大于50岁者所占比例最大(各占28.85%和28.42%),1/3受伤者年龄在25岁以下。伤亡者中均以农民为最多。车祸中负主要责任的驾驶员36.84%,年龄在20~24岁,显著高于其他年龄组。逐步回归分析表明,取d=0.5时,车祸发生数与机动车拥有量、车祸中主要及次要(无)责任者的男女比例、主要责任者平均年龄和主要责任驾驶员持驾驶证的平均年限呈正相关关系。取d=0.06时,则机动车拥有量和男女性比例进入回归方程。
英文摘要:
      This paper describes the epidemiologic features of 1532 fatal motor vehicle crashes, and analyses of some crash-related factors by means of stepwise regression analysis as well.The crashes between motor vehicle and bicycle accounted for 39.49 percent. The 36.84 percent of drivers responsible for accidents were at the age of 20~24. The analysis, of accident victim characteristics indicated that all age groups were at risk. Most victims were the People younger than 25 years old as well as aged 50 and over. About one-third of the victims were peasants. The analysis of stepwise regression suggested that the crashes were positively related to the quantity of automobile and the ratio between male and female.
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