文章摘要
孙培源.特殊群体婴幼儿麻疹爆发流行病学调查分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,1994,15(3):135-137
特殊群体婴幼儿麻疹爆发流行病学调查分析
An Epidemiologic Study on An Outbreak of Measles in a Particular Group of Infants
收稿日期:1993-05-15  出版日期:2021-05-29
DOI:
中文关键词: 麻疹;残疾儿童
英文关键词: Measles;Handicapped Infants
基金项目:
作者单位
孙培源 北京市海淀区防疫站 100080 
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中文摘要:
      北京市儿童福利院于1992年3月23日至4月27日发生一起以8月龄以下婴儿为主的麻疹爆发流行。罹患率4.8%,其中发病最高的观察室罹患率达33.33%,共发生18例,8月龄以下婴儿11例。临床表现以症状重并发症多为特点,预后良好。经流行病学、血清学证实本次为带入性麻疹爆发流行。此外还观察到接种麻疹疫苗的残疾幼儿暴露于自然麻疹病毒中具有很高的保护性。同时对其高接种率地区麻疹发病特点,成人再免时机及残疾婴儿首次接种月龄进行了探讨。通过调查分析认为麻疹的发病原因主要是计免空白和"不可预防"月龄组婴儿的大量存在。
英文摘要:
      An outbreak of measles broke out and prevailed in the Beijing Children Welfare House from March 23rd to April 27th, 1992. The 18 victims accounted for 4.8% of the whole infant population in the Welfare House, 11 of them being babies of less than 8 months. One third of the attacked babies were in bad condition and were hospitalized in the observation room. The clinical manifestations indicated that severe symptoms, more complications but favourable prognosis were characteristic of the infant patients. Based on the epidemiologic study and serological test, it was found that the outbreak and spread of th measles originated from outside the Welfare House, It was also found that the vaccinated handicapped infants expossed to natural measles were highly protected. This investigation leads to the conclusion that the cause of this measles outbreak was laid to the vacancy of planning immunization and the existence of a large number of non-protected babies.
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