文章摘要
王继斌,王庆云,毕振强,于劫,薛堂渠,吴瑛,王发银,林化雨,刘淑芳,王作沂,宫献升,姜玉亭.急性呼吸道感染性疾病监测研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,1994,15(3):141-144
急性呼吸道感染性疾病监测研究
A Surveillance on Acute Respiratory Infection
收稿日期:1993-05-15  出版日期:2021-05-29
DOI:
中文关键词: 急性呼吸道感染;疾病监测
英文关键词: Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI);Disease surveillance
基金项目:
作者单位
王继斌 山东省卫生防疫站 250014 济南市 
王庆云 山东省卫生防疫站 250014 济南市 
毕振强 山东省卫生防疫站 250014 济南市 
于劫 山东省卫生防疫站 250014 济南市 
薛堂渠 山东省卫生防疫站 250014 济南市 
吴瑛 平邑县卫生防疫站 
王发银 平邑县卫生防疫站 
林化雨 平邑县卫生防疫站 
刘淑芳 临沂地区卫生防疫站 
王作沂 临沂地区卫生防疫站 
宫献升 高密县卫生防疫站 
姜玉亭 高密县卫生防疫站 
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中文摘要:
      用病史前瞻性研究方法,于1991年4月至1992年3月对平邑县和高密县四个自然村的1 164户4 379人进行了急性呼吸道感染(ARI)性疾病监测。共监测4365.92人年,发病率为0.4542次/人年,无死亡病例,户发病率68.99%,各村发病率0.3700~0.6312次/人年。共监测18种疾病,以普通感冒、上呼吸道感染、支气管炎发病率最高,具有明显的家庭聚集性。难产、低出生体重、发育差、营养差、吸烟、文盲、人均年收入低、居室通风差、居室采光差、居住条件差等是与ARI发病有关的危险因素。
英文摘要:
      History prospective methods were employed in this surveillance on acute respiratory infection (ARI) in four villages in Ping Yi and Gao Mi counties. One thousand-one hundred- and sixty four households, 4379 invidiuals with 4365.92 person-years were followed up for ARI. The incidence of ARI was 0.4542 episodes/person-year and the household incidence rate was 68.99% No death case of ARI occurred during the surveillance period. Of all the 18 ARI diseases under surveillance the three diseases with highest incidence were common cold, upper respiratory tract infection and bronchitis. These three diseases all showed obvious family clustering tendency. The incidence of ARI was highest in children under 1 year of age (1.3403 episodes/person year), followed by 2-6 year age-group. The lowest was in 20-29 year age-group (0.2885 episodes/person-year). There was no significant difference between sexes. The ARI incidence in spring (0.18024 episodes/person-season) was higher than in other seasons, with the peak between March and April. The hospital attending rate was 90.07%. Among the patients, 80.05% received antibiotics, 13.06% received hormone, 2.10% received intravenous rehydration. ARI accounted for 24.83% of all the outpatients in township hospitals, 19.05%, of which were preschool children. For these children, 70.78% were using antibiotics, 23.31% using hormone, 10.06% using intravenous rehydration. Of the patients, the risk factors of ARI included low birth weight, difficult labour, malnutrition, illiteracy, low income, poor ventilation and lighting of the living room, poor living condition and cigarette smoking. The results presented will be of great significance to policy-making of ARI control in Shandong Province.
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