文章摘要
王红,李竹.知情方案对提高妇女维生素和畸形知识水平的效果评价[J].中华流行病学杂志,1996,17(4):216-220
知情方案对提高妇女维生素和畸形知识水平的效果评价
Evaluation on the Informed Consent, Effectiveness in Improving the Knowledge of Congenital Defects and Use of Vitamin among Women in Mancheng County, Herbei Province
收稿日期:1996-01-10  出版日期:2021-05-13
DOI:
中文关键词: 健康教育  医学伦理学
英文关键词: Health education  Medical ethics
基金项目:
作者单位
王红 北京医科大学保健流行病学研究室 100083 
李竹 北京医科大学保健流行病学研究室 100083 
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中文摘要:
      以增补叶酸预防神经管畸形随机对照实验的预实验基地河北省满城县为现场,对知情方案在广泛社会宣传和动员方面的有效性进行了评价研究。结果表明,宣传前妇女对畸形和维生素的名词知情比例较高,但对具体的知识比较生疏,总体知识水平较低。宣传前妇女比较生疏的知识在宣传后提高幅度较大,说明妇女对新知识具有比较强的接受能力,知情效果较好。
英文摘要:
      The effectiveness of informed consent in the widespread community education was evaluated in a randomized controlled trial, using periconceptional vitamin supplement to prevent spina bifida and anencephaly in Mancheng County, Hebei Province. Results showed that 60% and 70% of women in the pre-education group knew the terms of "vitamin" and "birth defects", but the proportions of women who had ever heard of the terms of "spina bifida", "anencephaly", and "neural tube defects" were rather low. No woman had any knewledge of "folic acid". In the posteducation group, there was not much change in the proportions of women who knew the terms of "vitamin" and "birth defects". Women with less knowledge at the pre-education group increased their knowledge more obviously; 12% of the women who knew folio acid and the maximum levels of other three items were about 2-13 times of the pre-education group which reached about 40%-50%. Women showed strong ability of receiving new knowledge and the education campaign seemed effective in the widespread community to a large extent.
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