文章摘要
门伯媛,李树业,王远,高海燕,张文丽,王芳,刘玲.陕西省三县90年代与70年代恶性肿瘤死亡率比较[J].中华流行病学杂志,1997,18(3):160-163
陕西省三县90年代与70年代恶性肿瘤死亡率比较
A Comparison Between the Results of Cancer Mortalities in 1972-1975 and in 1992-1994 in a Rural area of Shanxi Province, China
收稿日期:1996-10-23  出版日期:2021-06-09
DOI:
中文关键词: 恶性肿瘤  死亡率
英文关键词: Cancer  Mortality
基金项目:
作者单位
门伯媛 西安医科大学流行病学教研室 710061 
李树业 陕西省肿瘤医院 
王远 陕西省肿瘤医院 
高海燕 西安医科大学流行病学教研室 710061 
张文丽 西安医科大学流行病学教研室 710061 
王芳 西安医科大学流行病学教研室 710061 
刘玲 西安医科大学流行病学教研室 710061 
摘要点击次数: 822
全文下载次数: 165
中文摘要:
      自1995年1月至1996年1月我们对陕西省宝鸡地区的凤县、眉县及岐山县80余万人进行了1992~1994年恶性肿瘤发病及死亡调查。共查出30种恶性肿瘤1 291例病人。结果与70年代全国恶性肿瘤普查资料比较可见,恶性肿瘤平均死亡年龄乳腺癌明显下降,恶性淋巴瘤、白血病上升。性别比鼻咽癌和脑瘤明显上升。粗死亡率和标化死亡率除肺癌以外均有不同程度的下降,以食道癌最著。死亡位次,肝癌由原来的第3位上升为第1位,食道癌则由原来的第1位下降为第4位。前5位依次是肝、胃、肺、食道、肠癌。消化系癌(肝、胃、食道、肠、胆囊、胰腺癌)死亡占所有癌症总死亡的64.27%,为该地区爆死亡的主要原因。
英文摘要:
      From Jan. 1995 to Jan. 1996, an investigation on the mortality of malignant tumours in three counties, Feng, Mei, Qishan, in Baoji area Shanxi Province during 1992-1994, had been carried out. Comparing the results of this study to the results from the cancer survey carried out in 1970' in China,we noticed that the average ages of death to breast cancer had decreased but deaths to lymphoma and leukemia had increased dramatically. Sex ratios (male/female) of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and brain tumor had also increased dramatically. However,crude mortalities and age standardized mortalities decreased with esophageal cancer the most in all types of cancers except cancer of the lung. Comparing the ranking of cancer death rates with that of the 1970's,liver cancer upgraded from the 3rd place to the 1st,but esophageal cancer descended from the 1st to the 4th place. Cancers topped the first 5 places were:liver, stomach, lung, esophagus and colon. The proportion of deaths from cancers of the digestive system cancers including liver,stomach,esophagus, gallbladder and pancreas was 64.27%. Death due to cancers from digestive system was the main part of all deaths caused by all types of cancers in this area.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭