文章摘要
焦淑芳,刘瑞琴,李桂英,吴疆.北京市居民吸烟行为及流行因素研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,1997,18(5):293-295
北京市居民吸烟行为及流行因素研究
Smoking Bhaviour and its Influencing Factors Among Cigarette Smokers in Beijing
收稿日期:1997-04-12  出版日期:2021-06-09
DOI:
中文关键词: 吸烟行为;危险因素
英文关键词: Smoking behaviour;Risk factors
基金项目:
作者单位
焦淑芳 北京市卫生防疫站 100013 
刘瑞琴 北京市卫生防疫站 100013 
李桂英 北京市卫生防疫站 100013 
吴疆 北京市卫生防疫站 100013 
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中文摘要:
      通过分层随机抽样选择北京市城近郊区15~70岁居民6 000人为研究对象,入户询问调查居民吸烟情况及相关问题。结果表明,北京市居民吸烟率为39.07%(男性58.99%,女性17.42%);初始吸烟平均年龄为19.52岁,且开始吸烟年龄越小,成年后吸烟剂量越大;吸烟主要原因为好奇和社交需要的占三分之二以上。经多因素分析,男性、低文化程度、有不幸婚史、吸烟有害健康知识缺乏等皆是吸烟的危险因素。建议北京市应加大力度采取控烟措施。
英文摘要:
      An investigation was carried out among 6000 persons aged 15-70 to explore the prevalence of cigarette smoking and its risk factors in urban and suburban areas of Beijing. Results showed that 39.07% of Beijing residents were smokers (58.95% male, 17.42% female) who started smoking at an average age of 19.52% and over 2/3 of them admitted their initiation of smoking was mainly due to curiosity and pressure from social intercourse. Results of polyehotomas regression analysis demonstrated that the risk factors of smoking were related to sex, poor education, unhappy marriage, and lacking of knowledge on the negative health outcome of smoking. It is suggested that the program on smoking of control should be strengthened in Beijing.
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