文章摘要
富永佑民,Toshiro Takezaki,Kazuo Tajima.肺癌危险因素──在日本大坂进行的追踪研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,1997,18(6):328-330
肺癌危险因素──在日本大坂进行的追踪研究
Risk Factors of Lung Cancer-Follow-up Studies in Nagoya Japan
收稿日期:1997-07-15  出版日期:2021-06-09
DOI:
中文关键词: 肺癌;追踪研究;吸烟;危险因素
英文关键词: Lung cancer;Follow-up study;Smoking;Risk factor
基金项目:
作者单位
富永佑民 爱知县肿瘤研究所 
Toshiro Takezaki Division of Epidemlology, Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute 
Kazuo Tajima Division of Epidemlology, Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute 
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中文摘要:
      在日本大坂进行了以人群为基础的环境因素与肺癌关系的追踪研究,研究对象为24489名年龄在40岁以上的居民。基本调查了1985年开始,以调查对象本人所填写的问卷为基础,在已进行的10年追踪中,有161例为新发现的肺癌病例(男120,女41)。分析了各种环境因素与肺癌的关系,结果发现吸烟与肺癌有病因学联系(目前吸烟者男性的RR=5.72,95%CI=2.5~13.08,女性的RR。2.05,95%CI=0.97~4.32)。其他的环境因素除了男性饮用咖啡的RR值略高(aRR=2.02,95%CI=1.34~3.05)和女性食用黄绿色蔬菜RR值有所降低(aRR=0.47,95%CI=0.23~0.94)外.其他均无统计学意义。
英文摘要:
      A population-based follow-up study on the relationships between various environmental factors and risks of lung cancer has been conducted in Nagoya, Japan involving 24 489 inhabitants aged 40 or older. The baseline survey was conducted in 1985, using a self-recorded questionnaire. From a 10year follow-up study, 161 cases with a newly diagnosed lung cancer (120 male cases and 41 female cases) were identified. Various environmental factors were related to the subsequent risk of lung cancer incidence. Causal relationship between smoking and lung cancer was noticed for current male smokers(RR=5. 72; 95% CI=2. 50-13. 08) and for current female smokers (RR=2. 05%; 95%CI=0. 97-4. 32). However, relative risks for other environmental factors were not statistically significant except increased risk for frequent coffee drinking in males (aRR=2.02; 95% CI=1. 34-3. 05) and decreased risk for frequent intake of green/yellow vegetables in females (aRR=0. 47; 95% CI=0. 23 -0. 94).
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