文章摘要
戴文灿,王声涌,胡毅玲,陈英,吴一龙.病因分值在病例对照研究中的应用──肺癌危险因素的交互效应[J].中华流行病学杂志,1997,18(6):341-344
病因分值在病例对照研究中的应用──肺癌危险因素的交互效应
Fraction Analysis of the Involvement of Multiple Risk Factors in the Etiology of Lung Cancer: Risk Factor Interactions in a Case-control Study for Lung Cancer in Females
收稿日期:1997-07-17  出版日期:2021-06-09
DOI:
中文关键词: 病因分值;女性肺癌;被动吸烟;交互作用
英文关键词: Etiologic fraction;Female lung cancer;Passive smoking;Interaction
基金项目:本研究为国务院侨办、广东省科委和广东省卫生厅重点研究项目
作者单位
戴文灿 广东省珠海市卫生局 519000 
王声涌 暨南大学医学院 
胡毅玲 广州市越秀区人民医院 
陈英 暨南大学医学院 
吴一龙 中山医科大学肿瘤医院 
摘要点击次数: 422
全文下载次数: 69
中文摘要:
      对广东省200例原发性女性肺癌的现患病人作1:1配对病例对照研究,在Mantel-Haenszel分层分析和条件logistic回归分析的基础上,探讨女性肺癌危险因素的病因分值以及被动吸烟与其他各种危险因素间的交互效应。多因素条件logistic回归分析结果显示:被动吸烟(丈夫)、厨房通风、喜吃咸食、慢性支气管炎史、家族肿瘤史、肺结核、服用避孕药是女性肺癌独立的危险因素(OR=2.16~40.55,P<0.05)。它们的病因分值分别是0.535.0.432、0.252、0.124、0.115、0.072.0.069。分析被动吸烟(丈夫)与口服避孕药、家族肿瘤史、厨房通风、肺结核史、经常吃咸色或腌菜间交互作用,其病因分值分别为0.848、0.499、0.479、0.416、0.346.交互作用指数是0.906、0.543、0.578、0.427、0.441。研究提示被动吸烟是女性肺癌的重要危险因素,特别是丈夫吸烟,尤其是在与服用避孕药这一因素并存的情况下,增加女性肺癌的危险性。
英文摘要:
      A 1:1 matched case-control study of etiologic fraction (EF) of female lung cancer was conducted in Guangdong Province. 200 female cases with primary lung cancer were selected and 200female controls matched by age, area of residence and education from five hospitals. Multiple conditional logistic regression analysis turned out that passive smoking from spouse, bad ventilation in kitchen, liking for pickles or salted fish, history of chronic bronchitis, family history of tumour, pulmonary tuberculosis,taking oral contraceptive were the independent risk factors of female lung cancer (OR=2.16-40.55, P< 0.05). EF of the independent risk factors were 0.535, 0.432,0.252,0.124, 0.115, 0.072, 0.069respectively. The interactions between passive smoking from spouse and risk factors which included taking oral contraceptive, family history of tumour, bad ventilation in kitchen, history of pulmonary tuberculosis, liking for pickles or salted fish were analyzed. The result revealed that EF(AxB) (aetiologic fraction attributable to interaction) were 0.848, 0.499,0.479, 0.416,0.346 respectively. The interaction index were 0.906,0.543,0.578, 0.427, 0.440. These findings indicate passive smoking from spouse, particularly those had a history of taking oral contraceptive, increases the risk of female lung cancer.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭