文章摘要
徐德忠,闫永平,徐剑秋,门可,刘志华,张景霞,王福生,汪爱勤,蒋美玲,陈向红.乙型肝炎病毒宫内传播机制的分子流行病学研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,1998,(3):131-133
乙型肝炎病毒宫内传播机制的分子流行病学研究
A Molecular Epidemiologic Study on the Mechanism of Intrauterine Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus
收稿日期:1997-10-31  出版日期:2014-09-16
DOI:
中文关键词: HBV;宫内传播;分子流行病学
英文关键词: HBV;Intrauterine transmission;Molecular epidemiology
基金项目:国家自然科学基金
作者单位
徐德忠 第四军医大学流行病学教研室, 西安 710032 
闫永平 第四军医大学流行病学教研室, 西安 710032 
徐剑秋 陕西省妇幼保健院 
门可 第四军医大学流行病学教研室, 西安 710032 
刘志华 第四军医大学流行病学教研室, 西安 710032 
张景霞 第四军医大学流行病学教研室, 西安 710032 
王福生 第四军医大学流行病学教研室, 西安 710032 
汪爱勤 第四军医大学流行病学教研室, 西安 710032 
蒋美玲 陕西省妇幼保健院 
陈向红 陕西省妇幼保健院 
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中文摘要:
      为了解乙型肝炎病毒 HBV)宫内传播的危险因素与机制,笔者进行了病例对照研究与胎盘组织的免疫组化。收集陕西省妇幼保健院 242例 HBsAg阳性的孕妇及其新生儿作为研究对象。结果显示,母亲HBeAg阳性 (OR=32.63)和先兆早产史 (OR=22.80 )是主要的危险因素。在32例足月孕妇的免疫组化 HBs Ag阳性的胎盘组织中,HBs Ag阳性率在脱膜细胞层为 100 %,滋养层细胞为 59.38%,绒毛间质细胞为65.50 %,绒毛毛细血管内皮细胞为 39.38%,表明 HBV感染从母面到胎儿血管呈逐渐下降趋势 (P<0.01)。而且绒毛毛细血管 HBs Ag阳性与婴儿宫内感染有关(OR=2 0.86,P<0.01)。根据上述结果,我们提出假设 :HBV宫内传播可能有两条途径 :经先兆早产等引起的胎盘血管渗漏的“血源传播”和 HBV经胎盘各层细胞“转移”至胎儿血循环的“细胞转移传播”。
英文摘要:
      A case-control study with examination of placentas using immunohistochemistry stain was reported in this paper.In the Maternal and Children Health Hospital of Shanxi Province,242 consecutive HBsAg positive mothers and their babies were selected as subjects and 110 placentas of HBsAg positive mothers and 25 placentas of HBsAg negative mothers during the different period of pregnancy were collected for laboratory test.The results showed that maternal HBeAg positivity (OR=32.63) and history of threatened premature labor (OR=22.80) were important risk factors.Among full-term placentas with HBsAg positivity,HBsAg (biomarker of HBV infection) positive rates were 100% in decidual cell,59.38% in trophoblastic cell,65.50% in villous mesenchyme cell,and 39.38% in villous capillary endothelial cell (VCEC) with a decreasing trend (trend test,χ2=30.5,P<0.01) from mothers to fetus whereas HBsAg positive in VCEC was significently related to intrauterine infection (OR=20.86,P<0.01).Results suggested that there might be two transmission routes on the mechanism of HBV intrauterine transmission,hemogenous by damage of placental vessels and cellular through placental cellular transfer of HBV.
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