文章摘要
潘卫红,郑望苟,陈穗.牙周病危险因素的病例对照研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,1998,(3):149-151
牙周病危险因素的病例对照研究
A Case-control Study on Risk Factors of Periodontitis
收稿日期:1997-11-05  出版日期:2014-09-16
DOI:
中文关键词: 牙周病;病例对照研究
英文关键词: Periodontitis;Case-control
基金项目:
作者单位
潘卫红 同济医科大学附属协和医院口腔科, 湖北 武汉 430022 
郑望苟 湖北医科大学第一附属医院 
陈穗 同济医科大学附属协和医院口腔科, 湖北 武汉 430022 
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中文摘要:
      为探讨牙周病发病的危险因素,作者在武汉市机关干部体检中对193对牙周病患者进行1∶1配比的病例对照研究。结果表明,牙结石、吸烟、饮酒是牙周病的危险因素,其OR值分别为5.31、2.13和1.86;未发现饮茶与牙周病的发病有统计学联系。吸烟与牙结石在牙周病致病过程中呈协同作用,OR值高达18.92。牙周病归因于饮酒、吸烟及牙结石的暴露人群归因危险百分比分别为46.24%、53.31%及81.17%,总体人群归因危险百分比分别为25.12%、24.04%及46.29%。
英文摘要:
      A 1∶1 matched case-control study was conducted to determine the risk factors of periodontitis for the government cadres in Wuhan city.Results showed that dental calculus,cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption were identified as risk factors of periodontitis with odds ratios 5.31,2.13 and 1.86 respectively.Drinking tea was not found related with periodontitis.In the process of periodontitis,synergetic effect between cigarette smoking,alcohol drinking and dental calculus were noticed.In the general population,the proportions of periodontitis cases attributed to alcohol drinking,cigarette smoking and dental calculus were 25.12%,24.04% and 46.29% respectively.
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