文章摘要
王临虹,赵更力,陈丽君,沈黎阳,渠川琰.育龄妇女贫血状况调查及影响因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,1999,20(3):158-161
育龄妇女贫血状况调查及影响因素分析
Investigation on the prevalence and influencing factors to anemia in women at reproductive age
收稿日期:1998-09-28  出版日期:2014-09-16
DOI:
中文关键词: 育龄妇女;贫血;影响因素
英文关键词: omen of repr oductive age;Anemia;Influencing factor
基金项目:
作者单位
王临虹 北京医科大学第一医院妇产科妇儿保健中心 100034 
赵更力 北京医科大学第一医院妇产科妇儿保健中心 100034 
陈丽君 北京医科大学第一医院妇产科妇儿保健中心 100034 
沈黎阳 北京医科大学第一医院妇产科妇儿保健中心 100034 
渠川琰 北京医科大学第一医院妇产科妇儿保健中心 100034 
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中文摘要:
      目的了解育龄妇女贫血患病状况及与贫血发生的有关影响因素。方法对北京市区及郊区农村、工厂、机关、学校的15~49岁育龄妇女1529人进行血红蛋白(Hb)和红细胞内游离原卟啉(FEP)检测,同时进行有关影响因素的问卷调查,应用计算机SPSS/PC软件进行统计分析。结果在所调查的1529名年龄15~49岁育龄妇女中,血红蛋白平均值为116.35g/L(SD14.67g/L),贫血患病率为31.2%,其中绝大多数为缺铁性贫血。本调查分析与贫血发生有关的影响因素有职业、受教育程度、婚姻状况、月经、家庭消费结构、体育锻炼等。结论育龄期妇女贫血发生率很高,应引起高度重视,并应针对影响贫血发生的主要因素进行预防和控制,减少贫血的发生。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investig ate the prevalence of anemia in w omen of reproductive age and to analyze the influencing factors in anemia. Methods A total number of 1 529 women ag ed 15-49 years old including w orkers, far mers, cadres and students were tested with Hb and FEP and investigated through questionnair eincluding related influencing factors. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS/ PC statistical software. Results Mean value of Hb was 116. 35 g/ L ( SD 14. 67g / L ) in 1529 cases and the prevalence rate of anemia was 31. 2% . Major ity o f the anemia identified belong ed to the iron deficiency type . Influencing factors on anemia included occupation, educat ion, marriag e status,menstruation, status of family expenses and physical exercise. Conclusion The prev alence rate of anemiain reproductive aged women was high, thus more attention should be paid. In or der to lower the incidence of anemia, prev entiveand interv enient measurements should be conducted accordingly.
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