文章摘要
吴多文,陈宪锐,刘慧.医院感染的流行病学研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,1999,20(5):290-292
医院感染的流行病学研究
Study on the epidemiology of nosocomial infection
收稿日期:1999-04-25  出版日期:2014-10-17
DOI:
中文关键词: 医院感染;感染率;感染部位
英文关键词: Hospital infection;Infection rate;Infection site
基金项目:
作者单位
吴多文 泰山医学院,泰安,271000 
陈宪锐 泰山医学院,泰安,271000 
刘慧 泰山医学院附属医院 
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中文摘要:
      目的:了解医院感染的流行特征。方法:根据卫生部医院感染监控小组确定的标准,对 1993~ 1997年 2 5 2 33例住院病人中发生的 1088例医院感染者进行临床流行病学研究。结果:医院感染发生率为 4.31%,1993~ 1994年医院感染率 ( 5.7% )高于 1995~ 1997年医院感染率( 3.63% ) ( χ2 =71.2 8,P <;0.01),差异有显著意义。医院感染率以烧伤科最高 ( 9.61% ),泌尿外科最低 ( 1.81% )。医院感染发生部位以呼吸道为主,占 5 4.14 %。结论 :加强对医院感染的监测与系统管理对降低医院感染率效果显著。医院感染的主要部位是呼吸道。
英文摘要:
      Objective:To study the epidemiologic features of nosocomial infection.Methods:According to the standard set up by monitoring team under Ministry of Health on nosocomial infection,astudy on the epidemiology of nosocomial infection was carried out on 1088 cases among 25233 in-patients from 1993 to 1997.Results:The rate of nosocomial infection was 4.31%.The infection rate from 1993 to 1994 was 5.7%,higher than 3.63%from 1995 to 1997,with statistical significance(χ2=71.28,P<0.01).The highest nosocomial infection rate(9.61%)was seen in the Department of Burnt,while the lowest was in the Department of Urinary surgery(1.81%).The site of nosocomial infection occurred mainly in the respiratory tract(54.14%).Conclusion:Monitoring and systematic management on nosocomial infection can effectively reduce the rate of nosocomial infection.
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