文章摘要
凌晓明,宋家俊.一起结核菌医源性感染的报告[J].中华流行病学杂志,2002,23(4):296
一起结核菌医源性感染的报告
A case-control study of risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus
收稿日期:2002-01-23  出版日期:2014-09-18
DOI:
中文关键词: 2型糖尿病;胰岛素抵抗;危险因素;病例对照研究
英文关键词: Type 2 diabetes mellitus;Insulin resistance;Risk factor;Case control study
基金项目:
作者单位
凌晓明 广州市石井医院, 510430 
宋家俊 兰州医学院第一附属医院感染科 
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中文摘要:
      结核性肉芽肿由结核分支杆菌引起 , 很少能通 过人体皮肤, 只有当皮肤受损后感染, 但极为罕见 [1]近年来由脓肿分支杆菌引起的医源性感染逐渐增多[2]本组经流行病学、实验室、病理检查, 确定为一起因使用不洁注射器引起结核菌医源性感染。 因此, 加强乡医的安全注射意识,规范和严格消毒制度非常重要。
英文摘要:
      Objective The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus is increasing so to investigate the relation between insulin resistance and development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods A 1∶1 pair matched case control study was conducted with diagnostic criteria recommended by WHO. Controls matched with cases by age, sex, race and resident place. Information on demographic, history of disease, life style were obtained through questionnaire. Variables including fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting blood insulin (FBI), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), waist to hip ratio (WHR),waist to thigh ratio (WTR) were measured for every subject. Conditional logistics regression was used for data analysis. Results The results showed that insulin resistance, history of hypertension and waist to hip ratio were associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The values of OR were 1.530 (95% CI : 1.234 - 1.896 ), 4.833 (95% CI : 1.996 - 11.703 ), 21.996 (95% CI : 5.461 - 88.593 ), respectively. Conclusion Insulin resistance was risk factor causing type 2 diabetes mellitus, independent of other risk factors.
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