文章摘要
王增贤,胡跃,沈继龙,王可灿,王红岩,江宝玲,赵鹏,王志成,丁伟,王峰,夏秀芳.湖北省结膜吸吮线虫病原流行区感染情况及中间宿主的纵向调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2003,24(7):588-590
湖北省结膜吸吮线虫病原流行区感染情况及中间宿主的纵向调查
Longitudinal investigation and experimental studies on thelaziasis and the intermediate host of Thelazia callipaeda in Guanghua county of Hubei province
收稿日期:2002-12-12  出版日期:2014-10-08
DOI:
中文关键词: 结膜吸吮线虫;结膜吸吮线虫病;冈田氏绕眼果蝇;中间宿主;流行病学
英文关键词: Thelazia calli panda;Thelaziasiss;Amiota okadai;Intermediate host;Epidemiology
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(83133)
作者单位
王增贤 安徽医科大学寄生虫学教研室 
胡跃 安徽医科大学寄生虫学教研室 
沈继龙 安徽医科大学寄生虫学教研室 
王可灿 安徽医科大学寄生虫学教研室 
王红岩 安徽医科大学寄生虫学教研室 
江宝玲 安徽医科大学寄生虫学教研室 
赵鹏 五河县人民医院 230032 合肥 
王志成 五河县人民医院 230032 合肥 
丁伟 五河县人民医院 230032 合肥 
王峰 五河县人民医院 230032 合肥 
夏秀芳 五河县人民医院 230032 合肥 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探明湖北省结膜吸吮线虫(Tc)的中间宿主及目前流行情况.方法 通过访问了解患者和用生理盐水冲洗法检查犬感染Tc情况,同时还着重调查并检查了冈田氏绕眼果蝇和家蝇,用Tc初产蚴对这两种蝇以喂饲法进行实验感染.结果 调查得知1975年冬季开展了群众性灭犬工作,使传染源得到控制,至目前无新病例出现.犬感染率由1975年的95%,降至现在的33.3%.检查家蝇200只和冈田氏绕眼果蝇135只,均未发现自然感染.人工感染两种蝇之后20天,检查家蝇112只全部阴性,果蝇84只中7只阳性,实验感染率为10.7%.检得感染期蚴计26条,取其中21条接种兔右眼后第37天虫体发育成熟并产出初产蚴,且从右眼获得Tc成虫3条(雌性2条,雄性1条).结论 实验证明湖北省Tc的中间宿主是冈田氏绕眼果蝇;纵向调查证明控制养犬可防止人群感染Tc.
英文摘要:
      Objective To verify houseflies Musca spp. as the intermediate host of Thelazia callipaedcz and reveal epidemiological situat-ion of thelaziasis in Hubei province.Methods Dogs eyes infected with T.callipaella,400 houseflies Musca and 259 frui-tflies Amiota okadai in the city of Laohekou city(previously named as Guanghua county) of Hubei province had been investigated since September 2000.The newborn larvae of T.callipaeda from Laohekou suburbs were fed to houseflies Musca and A.okadai. Larvae used for the study were isolated from female T.callipczeda in laboratory and the susceptibility to houseflies Musca and A.okadai was observed.Results Twenty-one dogs from Laohekou,the original epidemic areas of thelaziasis were examined and 7 positive dogs in 21(33.3%)and 11T.callipaeda(9 females and 2 males )were identified. From 1975 to 2000 no the-laziasis cases were foundthrough retrospective surveys.These 200 houseflies Mu.sca and 135 A.okadai were directed for examination but showed all negative with the infection. However newborn larvae of T. callipczeda were used to experimentally infect 112 houseflies Musca and 84 A.okctdczi and all infected flies were examined on the 20th day after inoculation. As a consequ-ence houseflies Musca failed to be infected but 9 in 84 (10.7%)A.okadai were positive. 26 infective larvae of T. cal-lipaeda were obtained and 21 of them were inoculated into right eye of one rabbit. The female worm began to produce newborn larvae in 37 days after infection and 3 adult T.callipczecda(two females and one male) were obtained. Conclusions Fruitflies A.okadai from Hubei province were susceptible to T. callipazda,which was similar to the result of experimental studies in Anhui province. This survey further confirmed that A.okadai was the intermediate host of T.callipczecda but not houseflies Mus-ca.Infective resouces(adult dogs for instance) had been under controled thus human thelaziasis had been eradicated in this rural area.
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