文章摘要
彭迎春,倪进发,陶芳标,吴系科.学龄儿童行为问题与伤害关系的前瞻性队列研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2003,24(8):684-688
学龄儿童行为问题与伤害关系的前瞻性队列研究
A prospective cohort study on injuries among school-age children with and without behavior problems
收稿日期:2002-10-12  出版日期:2014-09-16
DOI:
中文关键词: 行为障碍;伤害;儿童;学龄期
英文关键词: Behavior disorder;Injuries;Children;school-age
基金项目:
作者单位
彭迎春 首都医科大学社会医学与卫生事业管理教研室 
倪进发 首都医科大学社会医学与卫生事业管理教研室 
陶芳标 安徽医科大学公共卫生学院 北京 100054 
吴系科 安徽医科大学公共卫生学院 北京 100054 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨学龄儿童行为问题与伤害发生之间的关系。方法 整群抽取马鞍山市区三所小学的 2005名学龄儿童,以研究开始时经Rutter儿童行为问卷评定的有、无行为问题的学龄儿童分别作为暴露与非暴露两个队列,开展为期一年伤害发生情况的随访观察,用非参数检验法分析两队列儿童伤害发生率有无差异,并用多分类有序反应变量的logistic回归模型分析儿童伤害的影响因素。结果 儿童伤害发生率为 42.5 1%,有行为问题组儿童伤害年发生率为 64.87%,无行为问题组儿童伤害年发生率为 38.85 %,两组间差异有显著性 (u =- 6.054,P=0.000 )。不同类型的行为问题儿童伤害发生率分别为 :违纪 (A)行为 66.99%,神经症 (N)行为 67.4 1%,混合性 (M )行为 6 1.4 0 %,不同行为组间两两比较差异无显著性 (A行为与N行为间比较u =- 0.052,P =0.958;A行为与M行为间比较u =- 0.400,P=0.689;N行为与M行为间比较u =- 0.364,P =0.716 )。多因素分析结果提示,儿童伤害的影响因素为儿童行为问题、儿童出生时母亲年龄、母亲孕期不良因素、母亲文化程度、家庭防范措施及儿童上学家长接送。其中儿童的行为问题是儿童伤害发生的主要影响因素。结论 学龄儿童中有行为问题者是发生伤害的高危人群
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the annual incidence of injuries and the relationship between behavior problems and injuries among schoo-lage children.Methods A prospective cohort study on injuries for 1-year follow-up period was conducted amo ng 2 005 schoo-lage children selected by cluster sampling from three primary schools in Maanshan city.They subjects were divided into two g roups with or without exposure according to behavior problems rated by the Rutter Child Behavior Questionnaire at the beginning of the study.Nonparame tric test was perfo rmed to analyze the differences in injuries between the two groups of children,and the influential factors for injuries were analyzed with multi-classification ordinal response variable logistic regression model.Results The overall incidence rate for injuries in schoo-lage children was 42.51%, while among children with and without behavior problems were 64.87% and 38.85 %, respectively.There were significant differences between the two groups (u=-6.054,P=0.000).However, the incidence rates of injuries in school-age children with antisocial (A) behavior,neurotic (N)behavior and mixed (M) behavior were 66.99%, 67.41 % and 61.40%, respectiv ely.Nosignificant differences were found among them (uAN=-0.052, P=0.958;uAM=-0.400, P=0.689;uNM=-0.364, P =0.716).Mutivariate analysis indicated that injuries in school age children were associated with children behavior problems,maternal age at childbirth,bad conditions during mother pregnancy,education background of mother,prevention measures for safety at ho me and the child accompanyed to fravel betw een school and home by adults.Behavior problems of children seemed to be the major risk factors for injuries.Conclusion Children with behavior problems represented a significant risk group for injuries among school-age children.When planning intervention strategies on injuries, behavior problems should be emphasized to ensure optimal effectiveness of intervention
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