文章摘要
孟玮,杨土保,谭红专,李硕颀,刘爱忠,周价,谢梅芝,汤学民,汤森林,张修民,向保林,何华先,李麟林.湖南省洞庭湖洪灾区居民住院费用的研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2003,24(8):689-693
湖南省洞庭湖洪灾区居民住院费用的研究
Study on hospitalization expenses of flood disaster areas' residents of Dongting Lake in Hunan province in 1998
收稿日期:2002-09-06  出版日期:2014-09-16
DOI:
中文关键词: 洪灾;住院费用;横断面研究;单因素分析;对数线性回归分析
英文关键词: Flood disaster;Hospitalization expenses ;Cross-sectional study;Univariate analysis;Logarithmic linear regression analysis
基金项目:美国中华医学基金会资助项目 (CMB98 689)
作者单位
孟玮 中南大学公共卫生学院, 长沙 410078 
杨土保 中南大学公共卫生学院, 长沙 410078 
谭红专 中南大学公共卫生学院, 长沙 410078 
李硕颀 中南大学公共卫生学院, 长沙 410078 
刘爱忠 中南大学公共卫生学院, 长沙 410078 
周价 中南大学公共卫生学院, 长沙 410078 
谢梅芝 中南大学公共卫生学院, 长沙 410078 
汤学民 中南大学公共卫生学院, 长沙 410078 
汤森林 湖南省益阳市大通湖区疾病预防控制中心 
张修民 常德市安乡县疾病预防控制中心 
向保林 益阳市资阳区疾病预防控制中心 
何华先 岳阳市疾病预防控制中心 
李麟林 湘西自治州疾病预防控制中心 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究湖南省洞庭湖洪灾区居民 1998年住院费用及其影响因素。方法 采用描述性流行病学方法,选择洞庭湖区 5 5个乡镇的居民为研究单位,对该区 1998年居民住院费用的影响因素进行单因素和对数线性回归的多因素分析。结果 1998年洞庭湖洪灾区抽样调查居民的年住院率为 4.5 9%,次均住院费用为 6 6 7.4 2元。与未受灾区居民相比,灾区居民年住院率、次均住院费用均高于非灾区居民,且有统计学意义 ;居民的次均住院费用与受灾情况、家庭收入、性别、年龄、文化程度、职业、出院结局、就诊单位有一定关系。结论 洪涝灾害对湖南省洞庭湖区居民的疾病负担产生一定的影响 ;影响当地居民次均住院费用的因素众多,提示在灾害的疾病预防控制中应采用综合性措施。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the expenses of hospitalization among the population in the flood disaster areas of Dongting Lake in Hunan province in 1998.Methods Descriptive epidemiologic study were conducted to analyze hospitalization expenses of the residents of 55 villages in flood disaster areas in 1998;single factors analysis and logarithmic linear regression analysis were carried out to explore influencing factors about hospitalization expenses of the residents.Results The hospitalization rate w as 4.59 % with an average hospitalization expenses of 667.42 Yuan in the flood disaster areas'residents of Dongting Lakenin 1998.Compared with populations without suffering from flood, hospitalization rate and the average hospitalization expenses of flood disaster Areas'residents of Dongting Lake in 1998 were higher and had significant difference.The average hospitalization expenses in 1998 was affected by flood types,family income,gender,age,literacy,occupation,outcome after leaving the hospital and hospital ranks.Conclusion These results implied that the flood disease aggravated inhabitants'burden of disease in Dongting Lake areas;the factors influencing the average hospitalization expenses w ere multiple,and synthetic measures should be taken in the prevention and control of flood disaster.
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