文章摘要
刘启军,曾庆,周燕荣.精确logistic回归及其SAS应用程序[J].中华流行病学杂志,2003,24(8):725-728
精确logistic回归及其SAS应用程序
Exact logistic regression and its perf ormance to SAS system
收稿日期:2002-09-09  出版日期:2014-09-16
DOI:
中文关键词: logistic回归;精确;SAS;小样本
英文关键词: Logistic regression, exact;SAS;Small sample
基金项目:
作者单位
刘启军 重庆医科大学卫生统计学教研室 400016 
曾庆 重庆医科大学卫生统计学教研室 400016 
周燕荣 重庆医科大学卫生统计学教研室 400016 
摘要点击次数: 1223
全文下载次数: 1182
中文摘要:
      目的 精确logistic回归在最大似然法估计结果不可靠或者不存在情况下,作为传统logistic回归的一种补充方法可适用于小样本资料、资料结构不平衡及高度分层资料。方法 对37例乳腺癌患者术后预后资料采用SAS进行精确logistic回归分析。结果 发现组织学分级、淋巴结转移两因素对乳腺癌的术后预后具有统计学意义。结论 在样本量很小,最大似然法估计无效的情况下,精确logistic回归是一种极好的分析手段。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the feasibility of exact logistic regression,used as a complemental method for the maximum liklihood estimation,and to analyse with data small sample,unbalanced structure and highly stratal nature under the situations of questionable results or inexistence of the maximum likelihood estimation.Methods Data from 37 postoperative breast cancaer cases were analyzed in 1997 by exact logistic regression under SAS system.Results Data caculated by SAS software showed that Quasi-complete separation of data points was detected but the results of maximum likelihood estimation did not exist,SAS outputs conflicted the results of the last max imum likelihood iteration (likelihood Chi-square and score Chi-square have similar P,less than 0.05, but the Wald chi-square had a larger P,more than 0.05).Under conditional exact parameter estimation,it appeared that:(1)the joint effect of conditional score statistics was 21.12 with P =0.0003;(2)for individual parameters,the effect conditional score statistics of histological classification(grades)was 5.80 with P=0.0208;axillary node metastasis (diversion)was5.74 with P=0.0195;tumor size(size)was 0.79,with P=0.6476.The effects of tumor histolog ical classification and axillary node metastasis were statistically significant on breast cancaer tumour.Conclusion Exact logistic regression seemed to be a very useful method in analy zing data from small sample when the maximum likelihood estimation was either with no effect or did not exist
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭