文章摘要
叶冬青,朱继民,张永青,李白坤,杨仕贵,陈东周,尹婧.合肥市中小学生暴力行为的流行病学调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2004,25(1):6-8
合肥市中小学生暴力行为的流行病学调查
A survey on violence among primary and school students in Hefei city
投稿时间:2003-07-02  
DOI:
中文关键词: 暴力;流行病学;中小学生
英文关键词: Violence;Epidemiology;Primary and secondary school student
基金项目:
作者单位
叶冬青 安徽医科大学流行病与卫生统计学系, 合肥, 230032 
朱继民 安徽中医学院中西医结合系 
张永青 安徽医科大学流行病与卫生统计学系, 合肥, 230032 
李白坤 安徽中医学院中西医结合系 
杨仕贵 安徽医科大学流行病与卫生统计学系, 合肥, 230032 
陈东周 安徽医科大学流行病与卫生统计学系, 合肥, 230032 
尹婧 安徽医科大学流行病与卫生统计学系, 合肥, 230032 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解合肥市城区中小学生暴力行为的流行特征。方法 采用两阶段整群抽样法,从城区随机抽取4所学校3064名中小学生接受调查。结果 暴力月发生率为16.22%;,男生高于女生(χ;2=;25.13, P=;0.000)。同学是施加攻击的主要人群,占45.80%;,以空手打(37.42%;)、辱骂(31.21%;)、恐吓(20.88%;)为主,使用棍棒、利器等占10.49%;。校园是学生暴力行为发生的主要场所,占46.08%;,家庭和校外分别占28.41%;和25.51%;,场所分布差异有显著性(P=;0.000)。3.33%;的学生因此导致骨折,0.51%;因此而致残。经常攻击他人者97人,占3.21%;,被对方激怒是致使他们实施攻击的主要原因(47.38%;)。结论 合肥市中小学生中的暴力行为较为严重,应强化素质教育,改善校园环境,预防和控制学生暴力的发生。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the features of violence among primary and secondary school students in Hefei, and to set up intervention measures for violence prevention.Methods Four schools in Hefei were randomly sampled in the study.A total of 3064 students vrompleted a questionnaire.Results 16.22 % of the pupils reported having suffered from violence at least once every month.The rate was higher in boys than that in girls' s(χ2=25.13, P=0.000).The major assaulters were from classmates (45.80%),with hand beating (37.42%),insulting (31.21%),threatening (20.88%),and 10.49% using sticks and sharp weapons.Most violence occurred at school(46.08%),followed by at home (28.41%)and outside of schools(25.51%),with significant difference(P=0.000).As a result, 3.33% ended up with fractures, and 0.51%with disability.97 pupils reported having assaulted others frequently (3.21%).Being irritated (47.38%)was the major reason for the violence to occur.Conclusion Violence among primary and secondary school students in Hefei city was serious that called for targeted education be strengthened and school environment be improved.
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