文章摘要
丁晓萍,闫素文,张宁,汤洁,鲁海鸥,王喜良,唐轶.微波辐射对雷达操作人员精液质量影响的现况调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2004,25(1):40-43
微波辐射对雷达操作人员精液质量影响的现况调查
A cross-sectional study on nonionizing radiation to male fertility
投稿时间:2003-02-10  
DOI:
中文关键词: 雷达;微波辐射;精液质量
英文关键词: Kadar;Microwave radiation;Semen quality
基金项目:
作者单位
丁晓萍 解放军第二○二医院全军优生优育研究中心, 沈阳, 110003 
闫素文 解放军第二○二医院全军优生优育研究中心, 沈阳, 110003 
张宁 解放军第二○二医院全军优生优育研究中心, 沈阳, 110003 
汤洁 解放军第二○二医院全军优生优育研究中心, 沈阳, 110003 
鲁海鸥 解放军第二○二医院全军优生优育研究中心, 沈阳, 110003 
王喜良 解放军第二○二医院全军优生优育研究中心, 沈阳, 110003 
唐轶 解放军第二○二医院全军优生优育研究中心, 沈阳, 110003 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨微波辐射是否对人精液质量产生影响。方法 通过对雷达作业人员的问卷调查、体格检查及留取精液标本,以单细胞凝胶电泳和精子全自动分析等实验室检测方法进行流行病学调查。结果 雷达操作人员的精液质量和精子亚临床损伤随着雷达电磁波频率、距离、强度、时间和防护屏蔽措施的不同而发生改变,并显示一定的剂量反应关系,其中以精子畸形率增高为主。与非雷达操作人员比较两组差异有显著性(P<;0.01)。结论 雷达操作人员长期受到非电离辐射、雷达屏蔽保护较差的影响,可发生精子亚临床损伤和精液质量下降,但并不影响男性生殖能力。加强非电离辐射的防护、提高雷达作业人员的男性生殖健康保健意识仍十分必要。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the relationship between microwave radiation Methods After filling out questionnaire and body check, we carried out and male molecular epidemiological studies, using single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) and sperm automatic analysis among people working on radar.Results Quality of semen and semi-clinical injury of sperni among the people working on radar had changed when radar electromagnetic wave frequency distance, intensity, lasting time and protection shield were changing.lose-response relationship was noticed and the increase of sperm dysmorphia played a rincipal role.The results between exposed group and control group showed significant difference (P < 0.01).Conclusion People working on radar who suffered from non-ionization for long time and had bad radar shield protection would show semi-clinical injury on sperm and bad semen quality.However, it did not affect the male reproductive function.It was necessary to reinforce the protection of non-ionization and to improve male reproductive health care of people working on radar.
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