文章摘要
代礼,周光萱,朱军,缪蕾,王艳萍,吴艳乔,梁娟,毛萌.出生缺陷对中国围产儿死亡的影响[J].中华流行病学杂志,2004,25(2):138-141
出生缺陷对中国围产儿死亡的影响
Impacts of birth defects on perinatal deaths in Chinese population
收稿日期:2003-04-24  出版日期:2014-09-15
DOI:
中文关键词: 出生缺陷  围产儿死亡  趋势
英文关键词: Birth defects  Perinatal mortality  Time trends
基金项目:
作者单位
代礼 四川大学华西第二医院中国出生缺陷监测中心, 成都 610041 
周光萱 四川大学华西第二医院中国出生缺陷监测中心, 成都 610041 
朱军 四川大学华西第二医院中国出生缺陷监测中心, 成都 610041 
缪蕾 四川大学华西第二医院中国出生缺陷监测中心, 成都 610041 
王艳萍 四川大学华西第二医院中国出生缺陷监测中心, 成都 610041 
吴艳乔 四川大学华西第二医院中国出生缺陷监测中心, 成都 610041 
梁娟 四川大学华西第二医院中国出生缺陷监测中心, 成都 610041 
毛萌 四川大学华西第二医院中国出生缺陷监测中心, 成都 610041 
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中文摘要:
      目的 分析1990~2001年期间中国围产儿死亡率以及死亡围产儿中出生缺陷发生率的变化趋势,探讨出生缺陷对围产儿死亡的影响。方法 资料来源于中国出生缺陷监测网,采用以医院为基础的监测方法收集资料。调查对象为孕28周到产后7天住院分娩的围产儿。把资料按出生地分为城乡两组,按地理位置和经济发展水平分为沿海、内地、边远地区三组,调查围产儿死亡率和死亡围产儿中出生缺陷的发生率。结果 中国围产儿死亡率由1990年的22.85‰下降到2001年的13.26‰,呈下降趋势;死胎死产率和早期新生儿死亡比例也呈下降趋势。同期围产儿出生缺陷死亡专率呈下降趋势,但死亡围产儿中出生缺陷的发生率却逐年上升;在城镇和乡村以及沿海、内地、边远三类地区中都观察到同样变化趋势,1996~2001年间趋势更为明显。死亡围产儿中出生缺陷发生率城镇高于乡村,沿海和内地高于边远地区。结论 出生缺陷在死亡围产儿中的比例逐年上升,成为导致围产儿死亡的主要原因。
英文摘要:
      Objective To examine the time trends of perinatal mortality and the frequency of birth defects occurring in perinatal deaths, and to provide a national perspective on the impacts of congenital anomalies on perinatal mortality from 1990 through 2001. Methods Data were from Chinese Birth Defects Monitoring network--a hospital--based congenital anomalies registry system. During 1990--2001, all live or still births with 28 weeks of gestation or more, born in monitoring units, were studied within 7 day after delivery. The proportion of perinatal deaths due to birth defects, which was defined as the number of perinatal deaths asociated with congenital anomalies per 100 perinatal deaths,was calculated by birth area (urban versus rural), geographic--economic status (coast areas, inner land areas and remote areas), to evaluate the impacts of birth defects on perinatal motality. Results Perinatal mortality declined from 22. 85 per 1000 in 1990 to 13. 26 Per 1000 in 2001, which showed a significant downward trend. Similar trend was also observed in the rate of stillbirth and the ratio of early neonatal death. However, the proportion of perinatal deaths due to birth defects had an increasing trend although the perinatal birth defects--specific death rate was declining, especially during 1996--2001. This result was also seen in urban and rural area, in coast regions, in inner land regions and in remote regions of China. Higher rate of birth defects occurring in perinatal deaths was observed in urban area than in rural area. Significant difference of this rate was also found among different geographic--economic regions, with the highest one in inland regious. Conclusion Birth defects were accounted for an increasing proportion of perinatal deaths in China, and had become one of the major causes of perinatal deaths.
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