文章摘要
龚洁,李燕,Chen XG,Johnson CA.武汉市中学生初次吸烟行为与生活事件的关系初探[J].中华流行病学杂志,2004,25(2):142-145
武汉市中学生初次吸烟行为与生活事件的关系初探
A baseline survey on the association of smoking onset and life events on adolescents in Wuhan,China
收稿日期:2002-08-19  出版日期:2014-09-15
DOI:
中文关键词: 青少年  初次吸烟行为  生活事件
英文关键词: Adolescents  Smoking onset  Life events
基金项目:
作者单位
龚洁 武汉市疾病预防控制中心 430022 
李燕 武汉市疾病预防控制中心 430022 
Chen XG 美国南加利福尼亚大学疾病控制和健康促进研究所 
Johnson CA 美国南加利福尼亚大学疾病控制和健康促进研究所 
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中文摘要:
      目的 分析武汉市中学生初次吸烟行为与日常生活事件的关系以及压力对青少年初次吸烟的影响。方法 采用分层整群随机抽样法,对武汉市城区和郊区22所学校的6994名在校初中生进行问卷调查,选择报告过去一年内开始吸烟和从未吸过烟的学生共5536人作为本次分析对象。结果 武汉市中学生在调查的前一年内开始吸整支烟的吸烟率为8.2%,男生高于女生,初二学生高于初一学生,初三学生略有下降。控制性别、年龄、城乡和年级的影响,多因素logistic回归分析结果显示,武汉市青少年初次吸烟行为与家庭、学校的负性生活事件呈正性相关(P<0.05),而与学校方面的正性生活事件呈负性相关(P<0.05)。结论 青少年学生初次吸烟行为与应激性生活事件有密切的联系,特别是学校和家庭方面的生活事件。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the association between stressful life event and onset of smoking among adolescents in China. Methods Data on baseline survey from a 5-year longitudinal smoking prevention trail was used. Five thousand, five hundred and thirty-six students, from grade 7, 8 and 9 in 22 junior high schools all over Wuhan, China, had completed the survey on the onset of smoking in the past year and on stressful life events. Logistic regression analysis was used. Results The results showed that 8. 2% of the respondents reported the onset of smoking in the past year before the survey. The rates for male and famale were 13. 6% and 3. 4% respectively while 7. 8% for 7th graders, 9. 1 % for 8th graders and 8. 3 % for 9th graders. When gender, urbanicity and age were controled with logistic regression model, the onset of smoking in general was signficantly opsitively associated with the negative life events at school and family while negatively associated with positive life events in school and personal domain (P 0. 05). Conclusion Attention should be paid to help adolescents to cope with stressful life events in order to prevent and control the onset of smoking among adolescents.
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