文章摘要
李伟英,赖百塘,湛秀萍.Ⅰ、Ⅱ相代谢酶基因多态性与肺癌易感性关系的研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2004,25(12):1042-1045
Ⅰ、Ⅱ相代谢酶基因多态性与肺癌易感性关系的研究
The relationship between genetic polymorphism of metabolizing enzymes and the genetic susceptibility to lung cancer
收稿日期:2003-10-28  出版日期:2014-09-17
DOI:
中文关键词: 肺肿瘤;代谢酶;基因多态性;易感性
英文关键词: Lung;Metabolizing enzymes;Genetic polymorphism;Susceptibility
基金项目:
作者单位
李伟英 北京市结核病胸部肿瘤研究所细胞室 101149 
赖百塘 北京市结核病胸部肿瘤研究所细胞室 101149 
湛秀萍 北京市结核病胸部肿瘤研究所细胞室 101149 
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中文摘要:
      目的探讨Ⅰ相代谢酶CYPlA1、2E1、2D6和Ⅱ相GSTM1基因多态性与肺癌遗传易感性的关系及吸烟与基因之间的交互作用。方法 采用病例对照研究和聚合酶链反应-限制性片段长度多态性等技术,检测217例肺癌患者和200例对照CYPlA1、2E1、2D6和GSTM1基因型频率分布以及与吸烟的关系。结果 肺癌组GSTM1缺陷型频率为58.5%,与对照组(47.5%)比较差异有统计学意义(P=0.02) CYPlA1、2E1、2D6在肺癌组和对照组分布差异无统计学意义(P> 0.05)。吸烟与GSTM1有协同作用,与CYPlA1、2E1、2D6未见明显的协同作用。结论 吸烟和GSTM1缺陷型均是肺癌的危险因素,GSTM1缺陷型有吸烟行为的人更易患肺癌,是肺癌的高危人群。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the relationship between the gene. polymorphism of metabolizing enzymes and the genetic susceptibility to lung cancer as well as to study the synergistic effects between smoking and the genes. Methods A case-control study (case=217,control=200) was carried out to compare the frequent distribution of CYP1A1,2E1,2D6 and GSTMl genotypes between the lung cancer group and the control group with a polymerise chain reaction-restriction fragment polymorphism ( PCR-RFLP) method and to analyze the relationship between these genes and smoking. Results GSTMl-null genotype frequency was 58. 5 % in the lung cancer group and 47. 5 % in the control group with significant difference( P=0.02).The frequent distribution of CYP1A1,2E1,2D6 genotypes was not significantly different in the two groups(P>0.05).Synergistic effects were found between smoking and GSTMl but not between smoking and CYP1A1,2E1,2D6. Conclusions Smoking and GSTMl-null genotype seemed to be the risk factors of lung cancer. Those who carrying GSTMl-null genotype and smoking cigarettes were prone to suffer from lung cancer to become the high-risk population of the disease.
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