文章摘要
龙泳,卢娟,徐德忠,胡继新,姜建辉,闫永平,黄久仪,杨军.陕西省汉中地区农村脑卒中患者直接经济负担的分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2005,26(7):494-497
陕西省汉中地区农村脑卒中患者直接经济负担的分析
Analysis on direct economic burden of str oke in the rural population of Hanzhong, Shaanxi province
收稿日期:2004-10-08  出版日期:2014-09-15
DOI:
中文关键词: 脑卒中;农村人口;直接经济负担
英文关键词: Stroke;Rural region;Direct economic burden
基金项目:国际临床流行病学工作网(INCLEN)资助项目
作者单位E-mail
龙泳 第四军医大学流行病学教研室, 西安 710032  
卢娟 第四军医大学流行病学教研室, 西安 710032  
徐德忠 第四军医大学流行病学教研室, 西安 710032 xudezh@fmmu.edu.cn 
胡继新 汉中市人民医院, 西安 710032  
姜建辉 第四军医大学流行病学教研室, 西安 710032  
闫永平 第四军医大学流行病学教研室, 西安 710032  
黄久仪 上海市脑血管病防治研究所, 西安 710032  
杨军 汉中市人民医院, 西安 710032  
摘要点击次数: 1010
全文下载次数: 486
中文摘要:
      目的 分析汉中地区农村人口脑卒中所致直接经济负担。方法 采用逐户调查的方法对该地区脑卒中的现患患者进行走访,填写自行设计的调查问卷。共走访53个自然村,涉及人口75000人,调查脑卒中现患患者164例。问卷主要包括住院费、住院食宿费、门诊费、门诊食宿费、上门诊治费、长期用药费、雇佣费、丧葬费和人均收入等项目。结果 汉中地区农村人口脑卒中患者年直接经济负担的中位数为3100元,男性和女性间差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),各年龄组间差异也无统计学意义(P>0.05)。直接经济负担的中位数在1000元及以下的占所有患者的29.2%;1001~5000元占36.0%;5001~10000元占18.3%;10001~20000元占9.8%;20001元以上仅占6.0%。首发患者的年直接经济负担的中位数为5500元,既往患者的年直接经济负担的中位数为1700元,首发患者的年直接经济负担显著性高于既往患者(P<0.01)。中年组住院费、住院食宿费和上门诊治费显著性高于老年组(P<0.05)。结论 汉中地区农村人口脑卒中直接经济负担是当地人均经济收入的2.9倍。因此,脑卒中带给农村人口的直接经济负担是巨大的,应制订相应策略,降低农村人口脑卒中的直接经济负担。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analyze the direct economic burden of stroke in rural areas of Hanzhong. Methods Plan on primary interview was made after the purpose of the study had been infor med to the managers of the - surveillance field base, heads and members of the monitor assistants and detailed information was collected in the fields. Every single patient of stroke was then interviewed by the above said interviewers, using a self-designed questionnaire. 164 patients with stroke were interviewed in 53 villages with 75000 persons lived there. The main items involved in the questionnaire would include: costs for inpatientor outpatient, reaching2out fees, fee for accommodation during treatment as outpatient, costs for treatment at home, long term medicine, caregivers and funer als as well as average income. Results The median of annual direct economic bur den was 3100 Yuan for each patient in Hanzhong rural area. There were no significant differ ences seen between males and females or among age groups( P>0.05). The proportion of patients with medians of annual direct economic burden of: 1000 Yuan and elow, 100125000 Yuan, 5001210000 Yuan, 10001220000 Yuan and over 20001 Yuan, were 9.2%, 36.0%, 18.3%,9.8% and 6.0% respectively. The median of annual direct economic burden of first episode stroke as 5500 Yuan for each patient, and that of stroke was 1700 Yuan for each chronic patient. The direct economic burden of first episode was significantly higher than that of stroke( P<0.01). The costs of hospitalization, accommodation of hospitalization and treatment at home of middle2aged patients were significant higher than that of old age patients( P<0.05). Conclusion In this study, the direct economic burden of stroke was 2.9 times of the annual personal average income, which was contrary to the reports from other countries. However, the State Health Bureaubore 87.1% of the direct economic burden for urban patients, but patients in the rural areas had to pay from their own pockets. The direct economic burden of stroke was heavy in Hanzhong rural region, which called for measures to be made to decrease the direct economic burden of stroke in the region.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭