文章摘要
陈会波,刘洪庆,郑薇,陈丽,郑国华,黄克锋,李会庆.山东省农村已婚育龄妇女生殖道感染疾病抽样调查和影响因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2005,26(8):583-587
山东省农村已婚育龄妇女生殖道感染疾病抽样调查和影响因素分析
Study on the prevalence of low reproductive tract infection diseases and related risk factors among married women of bearing-age in rural area of Shandong province
收稿日期:2004-10-21  出版日期:2014-09-18
DOI:
中文关键词: 生殖道感染;已婚育龄妇女;影响因素
英文关键词: Reproductive tract infection;Bearing-age married women;Risk factors
基金项目:山东省科技厅2003年可持续发展示范工程资助项目[鲁科农字(2003)107号]
作者单位
陈会波 济南, 山东大学公共卫生学院 250012 
刘洪庆 济南, 山东大学公共卫生学院 250012 
郑薇 山东省医学科学院基础医学研究所 
陈丽 山东省医学科学院基础医学研究所 
郑国华 山东省医学科学院基础医学研究所 
黄克锋 山东省医学科学院基础医学研究所 
李会庆 山东省医学科学院基础医学研究所 
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中文摘要:
      目的了解山东省农村已婚育龄妇女生殖道感染(RTI)现状。方法按经济水平分层整群随机抽样,用随机数字法从每层中抽取1~3个村,选取50岁以下的已婚育龄妇女5665人,对该类人群进行了RTI流行病学基线调查。结果诸城市、章丘市、泰山岱岳区和无棣县总的RTI患病率为47.57%;各调查点RTI感染率分别为53.91%、41.49%、48.37%和44.88%;缺乏性传播疾病知识的人占60%。影响RTI感染的主要危险因素为会阴清洗方法不正确、性生活卫生差和丈夫文化水平低等。结论山东省农村育龄妇女RTI感染率高与育龄妇女文化水平、卫生知识知晓率和就医率低有关。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the prevalence of child-bearing age women with reproductive tract infection(RTI) and related risk factors in the rural area of Shandong so as to develop measurements on prevention. Methods Four communities were randomly selected based on economic levels and a baseline investigation on RTI was carried out. Results A total prevalence rate of RTI was 47.57% with breakdown for four communities-Zhucheng, Zhangqiu, Daiyue and Wudi as 53.91%, 41.49%, 48.37%, 44.88% respectively. Nearly 60% of women at child-bearing age were ignorant on sexually transmitted diseases(STD). Risk factors of RTI would include incorrect perineum cleanout, bad habit of sexual intercourse and low education level of the husbands. Conclusion High prevalence of RTI was associated with low level of education, lack of awareness on STD related hygiene and low rate of seeing doctor for RTI disorder in those women. The results of this study would benefit to the development of intervention measurement of RTI.
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