文章摘要
王培席,王绵珍,兰亚佳,庞清涓,王治明,邵利晔,卢波.大学校园暴力发生情况及危险因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2005,26(12):943-946
大学校园暴力发生情况及危险因素分析
Analysis on the incidence and relevant risk factors of campus violence among college students
收稿日期:2005-03-21  出版日期:2014-10-16
DOI:
中文关键词: 校园暴力;危险因素;大学生
英文关键词: Campus violence;Incidence risk factors;College students
基金项目:
作者单位
王培席 四川大学华西公共卫生学院 成都 610041 
王绵珍 四川大学华西公共卫生学院 成都 610041 
兰亚佳 四川大学华西公共卫生学院 成都 610041 
庞清涓 河南省商丘职业技术学院 
王治明 四川大学华西公共卫生学院 成都 610041 
邵利晔 商丘市疾病预防控制中心 
卢波 商丘市疾病预防控制中心 
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中文摘要:
      目的探讨大学校园暴力的发生情况及相关危险因素。方法 以某省两所高校大学生为调查对象,对一年来校园暴力发生情况及相关因素进行匿名问卷调查。分析各类型暴力的发生率,并用多因素logistic回归分析暴力发生的危险因素。结果 (1)共发放问卷5300份,得到有效问卷3910份,应答率73.77%。3910人中最近一年内发生校园暴力者703人,发生率为17 98%。其中,男生发生率为29.60%,女生发生率为7 27t}6。男生发生率高于女生(X~2=329 89,P=0.000)。(2)一年来男生受暴力发生率为28.00%,女生为7.27%。各受暴力类型中,威胁、勒索、情感虐待、躯体攻击、语言的性骚扰、躯体的性骚扰发生率,男生分别为18.03%、13.97%、10.77%、0 85%、0.48%;女生分别为3.64%、5.84%、1.38%、1.33%、1.13%。暴力来源主要为校内同学。(3)一年来男生施暴他人发生率为10.40%,女生为1.47%。施暴对象主要为校内同学。(4)多因素logistic回归分析结果表明,吸烟、饮酒、经常上网是遭受暴力(OR值分别为1.48、2.96、1.66)和施暴他人(OR值分别为2.92、1.88、2.09)的危险因素。结论大学校园暴力的发生率很高,一些危险因素也不容忽视,应积极采取干预措施预防校园暴力的发生。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the incidence and risk factors of campus violence and to provide evidence for preventing campus violence among college students.Methods 5300 college students in two universities in a province of China were selected to participate in the study and were interviewed with questionnaires.Logistic regression was used for data analysis.Results (1) In total, 3910 useable questionnaires were gathered to show a response rate of 73.77%.17.98% of the college students reported they had ever experienced campus violence in the last one year.29.60% of the male students experienced campus violence so as 7.27% of the female students.The incidence of violence among male students was significantly higher than those of female students (X~2=329.89, P=0.000).(2) Among male students who were victims of campus violence, the incidence rales of threat or blackmail, emotional abuse, physical assault, verbal sexual harassment, sexual assault were 18.03%, 13.97%, 10.77%, 0.85%, 0.48% respectively.Among female students who were victims of campus violence,the incidence rates were 3.64%, 5.84%, 1.38%, 1.33%, 1.13% respectively.The main source of the violence was from their schoolmates.(3) 10.40% of the male students reported they were perpetrators of campus violence in the last year, while 1.47% of the female students reported so.Schoolmates were the main subjects of their aggressive behaviors.(4) Among the college students who were victims of campus violence, logistic regression analysis revealed that smoking, drinking alcohol, frequently getting computer online were important risk factors.The OR values were 1.48,2.96,1.66 respectively.Among college students who were perpetrators of campus violence, the OR values were 2.92, 1.88,2.09 respectively.Conclusion Campus violence among college students was serious,suggesting thai intervention measures should be taken
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