文章摘要
高洪彩,汪宁,施小明,杨忠民,钱汉竹,赵瑞英,闵向东,倪文玲.云南省某矿区工人性行为和艾滋病病毒/性传播感染状况的调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2006,27(1):5-8
云南省某矿区工人性行为和艾滋病病毒/性传播感染状况的调查
Study on sexual behavior and HIV/ STIs among miners in Yunnan province
收稿日期:2005-09-22  出版日期:2014-09-12
DOI:
中文关键词: 艾滋病病毒;性传播疾病;知识、态度、行为;矿工
英文关键词: Human immunodeficiency virus;Sexual transmitted disease;Knowledge,attitudes,practice;Miners
基金项目:国家“十五”科技攻关资助项目(2004BA719A02);美国NIH中国CIPRA项目(1U19A151915-03)
作者单位E-mail
高洪彩 东南大学公共卫生学院流行病与统计学系  
汪宁 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心 wangnbj@163.com 
施小明 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心  
杨忠民 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心  
钱汉竹 Division of Preventive Medicine Department of Medicine, University of Alabama the United States  
赵瑞英 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心  
闵向东 云南省个旧市疾病预防控制中心  
倪文玲 云南省个旧市疾病预防控制中心  
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中文摘要:
      目的了解云南省某地矿工艾滋病病毒/性传播感染(HIV/STIs)相关知识、态度、行为及其感染状况和影响因素。方法2005年1月在云南省个旧市进行了由13名社区顾问委员会成员和12名矿工班组长参加的2个专题小组讨论;在个旧市2个矿区,用整群抽样方法招募矿工233名进行匿名问卷调查,并采血样进行HIV/STIs检测。结果矿工艾滋病相关知识贫乏,三种传播途径的正确回答率为54.4%(92/169),日常生活是否传播艾滋病的正确回答率为7.7%(13/169)。自我报告嫖娼的比例为9.0%。HIV和淋病感染率均为0.4%,衣原体感染率为8.2%。衣原体感染与文化程度(P=0.0347)和婚姻状况(P=0.032)有统计学联系。结论矿工HIV/STIs预防意识差,安全套使用率低,是今后控制HIV的重点人群。
英文摘要:
      Objective This paper aims to describe human immunodeficiency virus/ sexual transmitted infections(HIV/ STIs) related knowledge, attitudes, practice and the prevalence of HIV/ STIs amongst miners.Methods Two focus2group related discussions with a total number of 13 members including Community AdvisoryBoards (CAB) and 12 miners were conducted in a mining township in Yunnan province. Questionnaire surveys and HIV/ STIs tests were conducted among 233 miners recruited by cluster sampling in two towns where the mines were located. ResultsThe average age of respondents was 28 year old with 82. 8 %of them younger than 35 year old.95. 3 %of the respondents attended the education level of junior middle school. AIDS related knowledge among miners was low. The percentage of right answers to the routes of transmission was only 54. 4 %. The ratio of selfreported prostitutes visits was 9. 0 %. The prevalence rates of Neisseria gonrrhoeae, HIV and Chlamydia trachomatis were 0. 4 %, 0. 4 %and 8. 2 % respectively. The correlation between Chlamydia trachomatis infection and education ( P = 0. 0347) was significant, and so was that between Chlamydia trachomatis infection andmarriage status ( P = 0. 032). ConclusionThis study showed that the awareness of HIV/ STIs prevention waslimited and the rate of condom use was low, suggesting that miners needed to be viewed as a key population in HIV/ STIs prevention and control.
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